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Old Dominion University

2014-2015 Catalog

Chemistry and Biochemistry

John B. Cooper, Chair

Pinky McCoy, Chief Departmental Advisor

The Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry offers a program in biochemistry and an American Chemical Society certified program in chemistry, with an optional secondary education emphasis. Chemistry has been called the "central science" because it makes major contributions to agriculture, biology, electronics, engineering, environmental science, medicine, mineralogy and pharmacology. Either undergraduate degree program gives the student the necessary background for continued academic study at the master's and Ph.D. levels, entry into medical, dental, and pharmacy schools, as well as a career in the chemical industry. Students not only gain an excellent education, but also have many research opportunities available to enrich their understanding of real-world problems. Cooperative arrangements exist with the nearby Eastern Virginia Medical School, NASA Langley Research Center and the Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility.

Bachelor of Science–Chemistry Major

Lower Division General Education

Written Communication *6
Oral Communication3
Public Speaking
Mathematics3
Precalculus I (required)
Language and Culture0-6
Information Literacy and Research3
Human Creativity3
Interpreting the Past3
Philosophy and Ethics3
Literature3
The Nature of Science8
University Physics
   and University Physics
Impact of Technology3
Human Behavior3
Total Hours41-47

 

*

 Grade of C or better required in both courses

In addition to completing the University's lower-division general education requirements and upper-division general education requirements, a chemistry major must complete the following courses.

Required Chemistry Courses

CHEM 121NFoundations of Chemistry I Lecture (cannot earn credit for both 121N and 105N)3
CHEM 122NFoundations of Chemistry I Laboratory1
CHEM 123NFoundations of Chemistry II Lecture3
CHEM 124NFoundations of Chemistry II Laboratory1
OR
Advanced General Chemistry I and II Lecture
Advanced General Chemistry I and II Laboratory
CHEM 211Organic Chemistry Lecture3
CHEM 212Organic Chemistry Laboratory2
CHEM 213Organic Chemistry Lecture3
CHEM 214Organic Chemistry Laboratory2
CHEM 321
  & CHEM 322
Analytical Chemistry Lecture
   and Analytical Chemistry Laboratory
5
CHEM 351Inorganic Chemistry3
CHEM 331Physical Chemistry Lecture I3
CHEM 332WExperimental Physical Chemistry I2
CHEM 333Physical Chemistry Lecture II3
CHEM 334WExperimental Physical Chemistry II2
CHEM 421
  & CHEM 422
Instrumental Analysis Lecture
   and Instrumental Analysis Laboratory
6
CHEM 441Biochemistry Lecture3
CHEM 485Chemistry and Biochemistry Seminar1
Select one CHEM Elective from the following: 3
Intermediate Organic Chemistry
Intermediate Biochemistry
Environmental Chemistry
Advanced Inorganic Chemistry
Essentials of Toxicology
Select one CHEM Elective from the following: 3
Inorganic Chemistry Laboratory
Biochemistry Laboratory
Advanced Inorganic Chemistry Laboratory
Independent Study
Independent Study
Other required courses
MATH 163Precalculus II3
MATH 211Calculus I4
MATH 212Calculus II4
MATH 312Calculus III4
Elective Credit 6
(as needed to meet 120-credit hour requirement)
Total Hours73

Chemistry majors must have a C or better in all courses required for the major, including prerequisite courses, and must complete a minimum of 12 credits in upper-level (300/400) chemistry courses at Old Dominion University. Written permission by the chief departmental advisor or chair is required prior to taking upper-level chemistry courses at other institutions.

Upper Division General Education

  • Option A. Approved Disciplinary Minor (a minimum of 12 hours determined by the department), or second degree or second major.
  • Option B: Interdisciplinary Minor (specifically 12 hours, 3 of which may be in the major)
  • Option C. International Business and Regional Courses or an approved Certification Program such as teaching licensure
  • Option D. Two Upper-Division Courses from outside the College of Sciences and not required by the major (6 hours)

Requirements for graduation include a minimum cumulative grade point average of 2.00 overall and in the major, a grade of C or better in all courses required for the major, including prerequisite courses, 120 credit hours, which must include both a minimum of 30 credit hours overall and 12 credit hours in upper-level courses in the major program from Old Dominion University, completion of ENGL 110C, ENGL 211C or 221C or 231C, and the writing intensive (W) course in the major with a grade of C or better, and completion of Senior Assessment. Additional hours may be required to meet the foreign language requirement.

Bachelor of Science–Biochemistry Major

Lower Division General Education

Written Communication *6
Oral Communication3
Public Speaking
Mathematics3
Precalculus I (required)
Language and Culture0-6
Information Literacy and Research3
Human Creativity3
Interpreting the Past3
Philosophy and Ethics3
Literature3
The Nature of Science8
General Biology I
General Biology I Lab
General Biology II
General Biology II Lab
Impact of Technology3
Human Behavior3
Total Hours41-47
*

 Grade of C or better required in both courses

In addition to completing the University's lower-division general education requirements and upper-division general education requirements, a biochemistry major must complete the following courses.

Required Chemistry Courses

CHEM 121N
  & CHEM 122N
Foundations of Chemistry I Lecture
   and Foundations of Chemistry I Laboratory
4
CHEM 123N
  & CHEM 124N
Foundations of Chemistry II Lecture
   and Foundations of Chemistry II Laboratory
4
Or
Advanced General Chemistry I and II Lecture
   and Advanced General Chemistry I and II Laboratory
CHEM 211Organic Chemistry Lecture3
CHEM 212Organic Chemistry Laboratory2
CHEM 213Organic Chemistry Lecture3
CHEM 214Organic Chemistry Laboratory2
CHEM 321
  & CHEM 322
Analytical Chemistry Lecture
   and Analytical Chemistry Laboratory
5
CHEM 331
  & CHEM 333
Physical Chemistry Lecture I
   and Physical Chemistry Lecture II
6
CHEM 441Biochemistry Lecture3
CHEM 442WBiochemistry Laboratory4
CHEM 443Intermediate Biochemistry3
CHEM 485Chemistry and Biochemistry Seminar1
Other Required courses
MATH 163Precalculus II3
MATH 211Calculus I4
MATH 212Calculus II4
MATH 312Calculus III4
PHYS 231N
  & PHYS 232N
University Physics
   and University Physics
8
BIOL 293Cell Biology3
BIOL 303Genetics3
Elective Credit4
(as needed to meet 120-credit hour requirement)
Total Hours73

Biochemistry majors must have a C or better in all courses required for the major, including prerequisite courses, and must complete a minimum of 12 credits in upper-level (300/400) chemistry courses at Old Dominion University. Written permission by the chief departmental advisor or chair is required prior to taking upper-level chemistry courses at other institutions.

Upper Division General Education

  • Option A. Approved Disciplinary Minor (a minimum of 12 hours determined by the department), or second degree or second major.
  • Option B: Interdisciplinary Minor (specifically 12 hours, 3 of which may be in the major)
  • Option C. International Business and Regional Courses or an approved Certification Program such as teaching licensure
  • Option D. Two Upper-Division Courses from outside the College of Sciences and not required by the major (6 hours)

Requirements for graduation include a minimum cumulative grade point average of 2.00 overall and in the major, a grade of C or better in all courses required for the major, including prerequisite courses, 120 credit hours, which must include both a minimum of 30 credit hours overall and 12 credit hours in upper-level courses in the major program from Old Dominion University, completion of ENGL 110C, ENGL 211C or 221C or 231C, and the writing intensive (W) course in the major with a grade of C or better, and completion of Senior Assessment. Additional hours may be required to meet the foreign language requirement. Biochemistry majors may not use the chemistry minor to fulfill upper-division general education requirements.

Bachelor of Science—Chemistry Major with Teaching Licensure

This program leads to eligibility for teacher licensure in Virginia and is available only to individuals holding a baccalaureate degree or completing requirements for a Bachelor of Science degree in chemistry. Due to changing University requirements, national accreditation standards, and the Virginia Board of Education licensure regulations, the teacher preparation programs in the College of Sciences are under constant revision. Any changes resulting from these factors supersede the program requirements described in this Catalog. Students are encouraged to obtain current program information from their advisors and the Teacher Education Services website at www.odu.edu/tes.

Admission

Students must first declare the chemistry teacher preparation track as their major with the chemistry departmental advisor. All students must apply for and be admitted into the approved chemistry teacher preparation program. Students must meet the required criteria for admission by passing the Virginia Board of Education prescribed assessments and earn the minimum required grade point averages (GPA).

Virginia Board of Education prescribed assessments

Old Dominion University students seeking admission to an approved teacher education program must satisfy the Virginia Board of Education Required Assessment for Admission to an Approved Teacher Education Program. This requirement can be satisfied by meeting a passing score in one of the selected criteria below:

  1. Passing PRAXIS I composite score of 532 by December 31, 2013; or
  2. Passing PRAXIS Core Academic Skills Tests beginning January 1, 2014:
    Reading Score of 156, Writing Score of 162, and Mathematics Score of 150; or
  3. Approved substitute test scores:
    1. SAT score of 1000 with at least 450 verbal and 510 mathematics taken prior to April 1, 1995; or
    2. SAT score of 1100 with at least 530 verbal and 530 mathematics taken after April 1, 1995; or
    3. ACT composite score of 21 with ACT mathematics score of at least 21, and ACT English plus Reading score of at least 37, taken prior to April 1, 1995; or
    4. ACT composite score of 24 with ACT mathematics score of at least 22, and ACT English plus Reading score of at least 46, taken after April 1, 1995; or
    5. PRAXIS I Math test score of 178 by December 31, 2013 and a composite Virginia Communication and Literacy Assessment (hereafter referred to as the VCLA) score of 470; or
    6. PRAXIS Core Academic Skills Mathematics test score of 150 beginning January 1, 2014 and a VCLA score of 470; or
    7. SAT Mathematics test score of at least 510 taken prior to April 1, 1995 and a VCLA score of 470; or
    8. SAT Mathematics test score of at least 530 taken after April 1, 1995 and a composite VCLA score of 470; or
    9. ACT Mathematics test score of at least 21 taken prior to April 1, 1995 and a composite VCLA score of 470; or
    10. ACT Mathematics test score of at least 22 taken after April 1, 1995 and a composite VCLA score of 470.
      Note:  ACT scores taken prior to 1989 are not valid.

For the most current information on the prescribed Virginia Board of Education admission assessment, visit the Teacher Education Services website, http://www.odu.edu/tes and review the Teacher Education Handbook.

Required grade point averages (GPA)

  • A cumulative GPA of 2.75 is required.
  • A major/content GPA of 2.75 is required - all chemistry courses must be passed with a grade of C (2.0) or above and all other science content courses must be passed with a grade of C- or higher.
  • A professional education GPA of 2.75 is required – all professional education courses must be passed with a grade of C- or higher.

Although students may enroll in a limited number of education courses, students must be admitted into the approved chemistry teacher preparation program prior to enrolling in any instructional strategies practicum education course. Students must also meet with an education advisor in the Office of Teacher Education Services.

Continuance

Students must maintain a cumulative GPA of 2.75, a major/content GPA of 2.75 and a professional education GPA of 2.75. Chemistry courses must be passed with a grade of C (2.0) or higher. The remaining courses required for the major and in the professional education core must be completed with a grade of C- or higher for continuance. A professional education GPA of 2.75 is required for continuance. Students must take and pass the Virginia Communication and Literacy Assessment (VCLA) and the PRAXIS II Chemistry Content examination prior to or while enrolled in the instructional strategies course. All assessments must be passed prior to the start of the Teacher Candidate Internship Orientation session.

Virginia Board of Education prescribed assessments

Virginia Communication and Literacy Assessment (VCLA) – a passing composite score of 470 is required on this reading and writing assessment

PRAXIS II Chemistry: Content Knowledge (test code: 0245 or 5245) – passing score of 153 is required

To review more information on the Virginia Board of Education prescribed assessments visit the Teacher Education Services website, www.odu.edu/tes.

Graduation

Requirements for graduation include completion of ENGL 110C, ENGL 211C or 221C or 231C, and the writing intensive (W) course in the major with a grade of C or better, completion of the Senior Assessment, a minimum cumulative 2.75 GPA, in the major area, and in the professional education core, with no grade less than a C in the major and C- in the professional education core; successful completion of the Teacher Candidate Internship and a minimum of 134 credit hours, which must include both a minimum of 34 credit hours overall and 12 credit hours in upper-level courses in the major program from Old Dominion University. Note that a C (2.0) must be earned in all chemistry courses used to satisfy departmental requirements.

Additional hours may be required to meet the foreign language requirement. The professional education core satisfies the Upper Division General Education requirement.

The curriculum is as follows:

Lower Division General Education                          

Written Communication *6
Oral Communication3
Public Speaking
Mathematics3
Precalculus I
Language and Culture0-6
Information Literacy and Research3
Human Creativity3
Interpreting the Past3
Philosophy and Ethics3
Literature3
The Nature of Science8
University Physics
   and University Physics
Impact of Technology 3
Human Behavior3
Total Hours41-47
*

 Grade of C or better required in both courses

In addition to completing the University's lower-division general education requirements and upper-division general education requirements, a chemistry major seeking teacher licensure must complete the following courses.

Required Chemistry courses

CHEM 121N
  & CHEM 122N
Foundations of Chemistry I Lecture
   and Foundations of Chemistry I Laboratory
4
CHEM 123N
  & CHEM 124N
Foundations of Chemistry II Lecture
   and Foundations of Chemistry II Laboratory
4
Or
Advanced General Chemistry I and II Lecture
   and Advanced General Chemistry I and II Laboratory
CHEM 211Organic Chemistry Lecture3
CHEM 212Organic Chemistry Laboratory2
CHEM 213Organic Chemistry Lecture3
CHEM 214Organic Chemistry Laboratory2
CHEM 321
  & CHEM 322
Analytical Chemistry Lecture
   and Analytical Chemistry Laboratory
5
CHEM 351Inorganic Chemistry3
CHEM 331Physical Chemistry Lecture I3
CHEM 332WExperimental Physical Chemistry I2
CHEM 333
  & CHEM 334W
Physical Chemistry Lecture II
   and Experimental Physical Chemistry II
5
CHEM 421
  & CHEM 422
Instrumental Analysis Lecture
   and Instrumental Analysis Laboratory
6
CHEM 441Biochemistry Lecture3
CHEM 449Environmental Chemistry3
CHEM 485Chemistry and Biochemistry Seminar1
Select one CHEM Elective from the following:3
Inorganic Chemistry Laboratory
Biochemistry Laboratory
Advanced Inorganic Chemistry Laboratory
Independent Study
Independent Study
Other Required courses
MATH 163Precalculus II3
MATH 211Calculus I4
MATH 212Calculus II4
MATH 312Calculus III4
Total Hours67

Chemistry majors must have a C or better in all courses required for the major, including prerequisite courses, and must complete a minimum of 12 credits in upper level (300/400) chemistry courses at Old Dominion University. Written permission by the chief departmental advisor or chair is required prior to taking upper level chemistry courses at other institutions.

The professional education core courses and requirements

STEM 101Step 1 – Inquiry Approaches to Teaching STEM1
STEM 102Step 2 - Inquiry Based STEM Lesson Design1
STEM 201Knowing and Learning in STEM Education3
STEM 202Classroom Interactions in STEM Education3
STEM 401Project Based Instruction in STEM Education3
STEM 402Perspectives on STEM3
STEM 485Apprentice Teaching9
SCI 468Research Methods in Math and Sciences3
Total Hours26

Preparation for Medically Related Fields

Students seeking careers in pharmacy, medicine, dentistry, or veterinary science are advised to complete a major in a specific discipline. Such students electing either chemistry or biochemistry as their major must meet all of the requirements listed above for the degree of Bachelor of Science with a major in chemistry or biochemistry. In addition, students must complete all of the prerequisite coursework specified for admission into the professional program of their choice. Students should consult the Office of Admissions of such professional programs for specific prerequisite coursework and other entrance requirements. Students are also advised to register with the Prehealth Advisory Committee at Old Dominion University (683-6790).

Pre-optometry Program

Old Dominion University has an affiliation agreement with the Pennsylvania College of Optometry whereby students may transfer to the latter institution at the end of their third year and/or receive reduced tuition if they are Virginia residents. Students should contact the Office of the Dean, College of Sciences, 757 683-5201 for more information.

Minor in Chemistry

The chemistry minor consists of 13 credits of which nine credits must be selected from the following:

Select nine credits from the following:9
Organic Chemistry Lecture
Analytical Chemistry Lecture
Physical Chemistry Lecture II
   and Experimental Physical Chemistry II
Inorganic Chemistry
Intermediate Organic Chemistry
Biochemistry Lecture
Intermediate Biochemistry
Environmental Chemistry
Advanced Inorganic Chemistry
Essentials of Toxicology
Select four credits from the following: 4
Organic Chemistry Laboratory
Analytical Chemistry Laboratory
Experimental Physical Chemistry I
Experimental Physical Chemistry II
Inorganic Chemistry Laboratory
Biochemistry Laboratory
Advanced Inorganic Chemistry Laboratory
Total Hours13

The courses designated for the minor and taken by students must be completed with an overall cumulative grade point average of 2.00 or better. CHEM 121N/CHEM 122N and CHEM 123N/CHEM 124N must be completed as prerequisites for the minor in chemistry and are not included in the calculation of the grade point average for the minor. Additional prerequisite courses may also be required and are not included in the grade point average for the minor. Students electing the minor must complete a minimum of six credit hours in the minor requirement through courses offered by Old Dominion University. Any substitutions must be approved in writing by the chief departmental advisor.

Honors in Chemistry

The honors program provides qualified students the opportunity for supervised individual study in their areas of interest. Admission to the program requires a cumulative GPA of 3.25 or higher and a GPA of 3.50 or higher in the major. Students must take two upper-division courses designated by the department to be honors courses. These are termed "Contract Honors Courses." A description of the procedures for these contract courses is found in the Honors College section of this Catalog.

Advanced Placement

Students who receive a qualifying score on the Advanced Placement of the College Board exam in chemistry may receive credit for introductory chemistry courses. Students who score a 3 on the AP exam may receive 4 credits for either CHEM 105N/CHEM 106N or CHEM 121N/CHEM 122N. The appropriate credit will be determined after consultation with an advisor. Students who receive a score of 4 or 5 on the AP exam will receive 8 credits for CHEM 121N/CHEM 122N - CHEM 123N/CHEM 124N.  Credit for CHEM 107N/CHEM 108N is not awarded by the AP exam. Students may also refer to the section of this Catalog on Experiential Learning Options at the Undergraduate Level.

CHEMISTRY AND BIOCHEMISTRY Courses

CHEM 103. Introductory Chemistry. 3 Credits.

An introductory course designed to acquaint the student with the basic principles of chemistry. Prerequisite: knowledge of basic algebra.

CHEM 105N. Introductory Chemistry. 3 Credits.

This course is the first part of a two-semester sequence of chemistry covering topics in general, organic, and biological chemistry. In this part, an introduction to the principles of inorganic (general) chemistry is provided. The topics to be covered include measurements, atoms and elements, compounds and their bonds, energy and matter, gases, solutions, acids and bases, chemical reactions and quantities, chemical equilibrium, and nuclear chemistry. This course does not meet the prerequisite for CHEM 123N, and cannot be used toward the CHEM major or minor. Students wishing to pursue advanced study in chemistry should take CHEM 121N, CHEM 122N, CHEM 123N, and CHEM 124N. Credit for CHEM 105N is not allowed if a student has prior credit for CHEM 121N. CHEM 105N + CHEM 106N satisfy four credits of the University's Nature of Science general education requirement. Corequisite: CHEM 106N. Prerequisite: knowledge of basic algegra.

CHEM 106N. Introductory Chemistry Laboratory. 1 Credit.

An introduction to common laboratory techniques and the process of science is provided. CHEM 105N + CHEM 106N satisfy four credits of the University's Nature of Science general education requirement. Pre- or corequisite: CHEM 105N.

CHEM 107N. Introductory Organic and Biochemistry. 3 Credits.

This course is the second part of a two-semester sequence of chemistry covering topics in general, organic, and biological chemistry. In this part, an introduction to organic compounds and their role in biological systems is provided. The topics to be covered include the structure, nomenclature, and reactivity of organic compounds, the structure and function of important biomolecules, and the chemistry of metabolic pathways. This course does not meet the prerequisite for CHEM 211, and cannot be used toward the CHEM major or minor. Students wishing to pursue advanced study in chemistry should take CHEM 121N, CHEM 122N, CHEM 123N, and CHEM 124N. CHEM 107N + CHEM 108N satisfy four credits of the University's Nature of Science general education requirement. Corequisite: CHEM 108N. Prerequisite: CHEM 105N with a grade of C or better.

CHEM 108N. Introductory Organic and Biochemistry Laboratory. 1 Credit.

Laboratory experiments involving organic compounds and biomolecules are performed. CHEM 107N + CHEM 108N satisfy four credits of the University's Nature of Science general education requirement. Prerequisite: CHEM 106N with a grade of C or better. Pre- or corequisite: CHEM 107N.

CHEM 121N. Foundations of Chemistry I Lecture. 3 Credits.

This is the first of a two-course series, designed for science and engineering majors, that prepares the student for subsequent studies in molecular science and constitutes the foundation for all upper-level chemistry courses. Topics include the descriptive chemistry of selected elements, modern atomic and molecular structure, stoichiometry, thermocheistry, and gas laws. A student receiving credit for CHEM 121N cannot receive additional credit for CHEM 103 or CHEM 105N or CHEM 137N. CHEM 121N + CHEM 122N satisfy 4 credits of the University's Nature of Science general education requirement. High School chemistry or CHEM 103 is strongly recommended. Prerequisite: MATH 102M or MATH 103M or higher with a grade of C or better. Pre- or corequisite: CHEM 122N.

CHEM 122N. Foundations of Chemistry I Laboratory. 1 Credit.

Laboratory experiments are designed to complement the topics presented in the companion lecture course, CHEM 121N. A student receiving credit for CHEM 122N cannot receive additional credit for CHEM 106N. CHEM 121N + CHEM 122N satisfy 4 credits of the University's Nature of Science general education requirement. Pre- or corequisite: CHEM 121N.

CHEM 123N. Foundations of Chemistry II Lecture. 3 Credits.

This is the second of a two-course series, designed for science majors, that prepares the student for subsequent studies in molecular science and constitutes the foundation for all upper-level chemistry courses. Topics include states of matter, solutions, electrochemistry, thermodynamics, equilibria, and kinetics. CHEM 123N + CHEM 124N satisfy 4 credits of the University's Nature of Science general education requirement. Prerequisite: CHEM 121N with a grade of C or better. Pre- or corequisite: CHEM 124N.

CHEM 124N. Foundations of Chemistry II Laboratory. 1 Credit.

Laboratory experiments are designed to complement the topics in the companion lecture course, CHEM 123N. CHEM 123N + CHEM 124N satisfy 4 credits of the University's Nature of Science general education requirement. Prerequisites: CHEM 121N and CHEM 122N with grades of C or better. Pre- or corequisite: CHEM 123N.

CHEM 137N. Advanced General Chemistry I and II Lecture. 4 Credits.

This lecture, along with CHEM 138N, will fulfill all requirements for a complete year of general chemistry. This combination will satisfy all general chemistry prerequisites for upper level chemistry courses. Pre- or corequisite: MATH 162M.

CHEM 138N. Advanced General Chemistry I and II Laboratory. 4 Credits.

This laboratory course is intended for students who have completed CHEM 137N. Experiments cover foundational topics and skills in chemistry and introduce students to chemical research. Prerequisite: CHEM 137N.

CHEM 195. Selected Topics. 1-3 Credits.

Selected laboratory or lecture topics designed for students who need to supplement a transfer course to fulfill a course requirement. Prerequisite: permission of the chief departmental advisor or chair of the department.

CHEM 211. Organic Chemistry Lecture. 3 Credits.

Chemistry of carbon compounds with in-depth treatments of reaction mechanisms, modern spectral techniques, and new synthetic methods. Prerequisites: CHEM 123N or CHEM 137N with a grade of C or better.

CHEM 212. Organic Chemistry Laboratory. 2 Credits.

Experience is offered in synthetic, separation, and analytical methods of organic chemistry. Modern synthetic and spectroscopic techniques are introduced. Prerequisites: CHEM 124N or CHEM 138N with a grade of C or better. Pre- or corequisite: CHEM 211 with a grade of C or better.

CHEM 213. Organic Chemistry Lecture. 3 Credits.

Chemistry of carbon compounds with in-depth treatments of reaction mechanisms, modern spectral techniques, and new synthetic methods to meet the needs of chemistry and biochemistry majors. Prerequisite: CHEM 211 with a grade of C or better.

CHEM 214. Organic Chemistry Laboratory. 2 Credits.

Experience is offered in synthetic, separation, and analytical methods of organic chemistry. Modern synthetic and spectroscopic techniques are introduced. Prerequisites: CHEM 212 with a grade of C or better. Pre- or corequisite: CHEM 213 with a grade of C or better.

CHEM 321. Analytical Chemistry Lecture. 3 Credits.

A study of the fundamental principles of quantitative chemical analysis including the application of principles of equilibria to analytical processes. Emphasis is given to gravimetric and titrimetric methods as well as consideration of electrical, optical, and other methods of chemical analysis. Prerequisites: CHEM 123N or CHEM 137N/CHEM 138N and MATH 211 with a grade of C or better.

CHEM 322. Analytical Chemistry Laboratory. 2 Credits.

Statistical principles or measurements and error analysis are integrated with experiments designed to evaluate and refine techniques of fundamental measurements to a level of analytical competency. These techniques are applied to the analysis of samples using gravimetric, titrimetric, electrical and optical methods. Prerequisite: CHEM 124N or CHEM 138N with a grade of C or better. Pre- or corequisite: CHEM 321 or permission of the instructor.

CHEM 331. Physical Chemistry Lecture I. 3 Credits.

Quantum chemistry, molecular structure, and spectroscopy. Prerequisites: CHEM 321, CHEM 213 and PHYS 231N-PHYS 232N with a grade of C or better. Pre- or corequisite: MATH 312 with a grade of C or better.

CHEM 332W. Experimental Physical Chemistry I. 2 Credits.

Physical chemical techniques are applied to studies on thermodynamics, solution phenomena, gases, electrochemistry, chemical kinetics, and spectroscopy. Statistical analysis of data. (This is a writing intensive course.) Prerequisite: grade of C or better in ENGL 211C or ENGL 221C or ENGL 231C. Pre- or corequisite: CHEM 331 with a grade of C or better.

CHEM 333. Physical Chemistry Lecture II. 3 Credits.

Chemical thermodynamics of pure substances and solutions, chemical equilibrium, electrochemistry, chemical kinetics, and statistical thermodynamics. Prerequisites: CHEM 331 with a grade of C or better.

CHEM 334W. Experimental Physical Chemistry II. 2 Credits.

Physical chemical techniques are applied to studies on thermodynamics, solution phenomena, gases, electrochemistry, chemical kinetics, and spectroscopy. Statistical analysis of data. (This is a writing intensive course.) Prerequisite: grade of C or better in ENGL 211C or ENGL 221C or ENGL 231C. Pre- or corequisite: CHEM 332W and CHEM 333 with a grade of C or better.

CHEM 351. Inorganic Chemistry. 3 Credits.

This foundational course provides an introduction to inorganic chemistry. Topics include periodic law, bonding theory, oxidation/reduction, acid/base theory, descriptive chemistry of the main group, and an introduction to transition metal coordination chemistry. Prerequisites: Grade of C or better in CHEM 137N or CHEM 123N.

CHEM 352. Inorganic Chemistry Laboratory. 2 Credits.

Synthesis of metal and nonmetal inorganic compounds and organometallic compounds, their characterization by physical methods, and a study of their properties. Pre- or corequisite: CHEM 351 with a grade of C or better.

CHEM 365. Undergraduate Teaching Experience. 1-3 Credits.

Teaching experience in a chemistry classroom or laboratory setting under the direct supervision of the course instructor. Prerequisite: junior standing and/or approval of the appropriate departmental coordinator. Available for Pass/Fail grading only.

CHEM 367. Cooperative Education. 1-3 Credits.

May be repeated for credit. Student participation for credit is based on the academic relevance of the work experience, criteria, and evaluative procedures as formally determined by the department and the Cooperative Education program prior to the semester in which the work experience is to take place. Available for pass/fail grading only. (qualifies as a CAP experience) Prerequisite: approval by the department and Cooperative Education/Career Management in accordance with the policy for granting credit for Cooperative Education programs.

CHEM 369. Chemistry Practicum. 1-3 Credits.

A student may choose a coop, internship, research, or student teaching experience to gain out-of-class experience related to the major. Prerequisite: CHEM 331/332W (Chemistry major) or CHEM 441/442 (Biochemistry major) and the approval of the appropriate departmental coordinator. (qualifies as a CAP experience).

CHEM 415/515. Intermediate Organic Chemistry. 3 Credits.

An in-depth treatment of the chemistry of carbon compounds, including reaction mechanisms, spectral techniques, polymerization, pericyclic reactions, and biomolecules. Prerequisite: CHEM 211-CHEM 213 with a grade of C or better.

CHEM 421/521. Instrumental Analysis Lecture. 3 Credits.

Designed to be taken concurrently with CHEM 422/CHEM 522. A study of the basic principles of spectroscopic, chromatographic, and electrochemical methods of quantitative chemical analysis. Methods of chemical instrumentation are also included. Prerequisite: CHEM 331 with a grade of C or better.

CHEM 422/522. Instrumental Analysis Laboratory. 3 Credits.

An intensive laboratory study of the principles of analytical chemistry. Experiments in spectroscopic, chromatographic, and electrochemical methods are conducted to illustrate fundamental principles and to provide the opportunity to develop skills in the use of instrumentation for chemical measurement. Prerequisite: CHEM 332W with a grade of C or better. Pre- or corequisite: CHEM 421/CHEM 521 with a grade of C or better.

CHEM 441/541. Biochemistry Lecture. 3 Credits.

This course is a one-semester survey of the major molecular constituents, bioenergetics, enzymes, nucleic acid structure, and genetic information transfer pathways fundamental to biochemistry. Prerequisite: CHEM 213 with a grade of C or better.

CHEM 442W/542. Biochemistry Laboratory. 4 Credits.

Principles and techniques of biochemical and immunological procedures involving protein characterization and isolation, enzymology, bioinformatics, and common molecular biology techniques for nucleic acids will be presented. (This is a writing intensive course.) Prerequisite: CHEM 214 with a grade of C or better and ENGL 211C or ENGL 221C or ENGL 231C with a grade of C or better. Pre- or corequisite: CHEM 441/CHEM 541 with a grade of C or better.

CHEM 443/543. Intermediate Biochemistry. 3 Credits.

This course presents and in-depth study of protein structure, folding, and synthesis. The major metabolic pathways will be studied in detail regarding thermodynamics and mechanism of regulation or control of individual enzymes and entire metabolic pathways. Concepts of metabolic disease will be introduced and effects on integrated metabolism will be presented. Prerequisite: CHEM 441/CHEM 541 with a grade of C or better or equivalent.

CHEM 449. Environmental Chemistry. 3 Credits.

An overview of the natural chemical systems operating in Earth's atmosphere, hydrosphere (natural waters), and terrestrial environment, and the effects that human activities may have on them. Specific topics to be discussed include: origin and evolution of Earth and life, chemistry of the atmosphere (including the ozone layer and greenhouse effect), organic and inorganic components of soil and water, the hydrologic cycle, chemical weathering, chemical speciation and complexation, and microbial processes in soil and water. Prerequisites: CHEM 123N or CHEM 137N, CHEM 213 and CHEM 321 with a grade of C or higher or permission of the instructor.

CHEM 451/551. Advanced Inorganic Chemistry. 3 Credits.

Theoretical aspects of modern inorganic chemistry: bonding theories, stereochemistry, acid-base theories, coordination compounds, organometallic and bioinorganic compounds. Prerequisite: CHEM 333 with a grade of C or better.

CHEM 452/552. Advanced Inorganic Chemistry Laboratory. 2 Credits.

Synthesis of metal and nonmetal inorganic compounds and organometallic compounds, their characterization by modern physical methods, and a study of their properties. Prerequisites: CHEM 351 and CHEM 352.

CHEM 453/553. Essentials of Toxicology. 3 Credits.

Fundamental principles of toxicology: dose-response relationship, toxicologic testing, chemical and biological factors influencing toxicity, organ toxicology, carcinogenesis, mutagenesis, teratogenesis. Prerequisite: CHEM 213 with a grade of C or higher.

CHEM 460/560. Frontiers in Nanoscience and Nanotechnology. 1 Credit.

Nanotechnology presents unparalleled opportunities for advances in technology and medicine. Simultaneously, nanotechnology presents new challenges to organisms and to our environment. These undefined risk factors threaten to slow the development of new technologies and novel medical therapies. This course will review: structure, synthesis and properties of key nanomaterials; key applications of nanomaterials in technology and medicine; and impacts of nanomaterials on plant and animal physiology and the environment more generally. This course will be team-taught by faculty members in Biological Sciences, Chemistry and Biochemistry, and Engineering. Prerequisite: junior standing.

CHEM 485. Chemistry and Biochemistry Seminar. 1 Credit.

The formal presentation of a chemical or biochemical topic before students and faculty. Students will also take Major Field Test during this course. Prerequisite: CHEM 331 and Senior standing.

CHEM 490. Senior Thesis I. 1 Credit.

Part one of a two-semester thesis project involving literature research, development of scientific writing skills, and obtaining lab experience using a variety of techniques and equipment. Each student will undertake a research experience under the supervision of a departmental faculty member. A preliminary report of research findings is required at the end of the semester. Prerequisite: Chemistry or Biochemistry major; Senior standing; Cumulative GPA of 3.20 or higher.

CHEM 495. Selected Topics. 1-3 Credits.

Study of selected topics. Prerequisite: permission of the instructor.

CHEM 497. Independent Study. 1 Credit.

An opportunity is afforded students to undertake independent study or an original investigation under the direction of a faculty member. Prerequisites: course background appropriate to the proposed study project and approval of the department chair and the faculty/research advisor.

CHEM 498. Independent Study. 2 Credits.

An opportunity is afforded students to undertake independent study or an original investigation under the direction of a faculty member. Prerequisites: course background appropriate to the proposed study project and approval of the department chair and the faculty/research advisor.

CHEM 499. Senior Thesis II. 2 Credits.

Continuation of CHEM 490. The research culminates in a thesis that includes a literature review, description of methods, results and conclusions, and an oral presentation. Prerequisite: CHEM 490 and a cumulative GPA of 3.20 or better.