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Old Dominion University

2012-2013 Catalog

Medical Laboratory and Radiation Sciences

www.hs.odu.edu/medlab/

Sophie K. Thompson, Chair

The School of Medical Laboratory and Radiation Sciences offers a coordinated program of courses and clinical experiences leading to degrees of Bachelor of Science in Medical Technology, Bachelor of Science in Nuclear Medicine Technology,  and a post-baccalaureate certificate in cytotechnology. Students may also pursue a major in cytotechnology or ophthalmic technology through the Bachelor of Science in Health Sciences. In addition, the school offers a minor in medical technology and an accelerated, weekend program (BSMT) for medical laboratory technicians (MLT). Post-baccalaureate courses are available in molecular pathology and clinical diagnostics.

Bachelor of Science in Medical Technology

www.hs.odu.edu/medlab/academics/medtech

Faye E. Coleman, Program Director

The medical technologist/medical laboratory scientist performs a vital role in the diagnosis and treatment of disease by performing clinical laboratory tests on patients' blood, body fluids, and other specimens. This includes clinical tests within the areas of chemistry, microbiology, hematology, immunology/serology, urinalysis, immunohematology, and molecular pathology.

The program is nationally accredited by the National Accrediting Agency for Clinical Laboratory Sciences, 5600 N River Road, Suite 720, Rosemont, IL 60018, 773 714-8880. Satisfactory completion of the program entitles graduates to write national certification examinations.

Admission

Admission to the University does not constitute admission to the medical technology program. Students are admitted to the program after completion of two years of college study, which includes all program prerequisite courses.  All program prerequisite courses must be completed with a grade of C (2.00) or better.  The students then enter two years of a combined didactic and clinical phase congruent with the 2 + 2 concept. A grade of C (2.00) or better is required in all medical technology course work for continuance in the program. The program does not offer just the final clinical phase to transfer applicants from 3 + 1 programs. Applications to the program, including all materials, must be submitted no later than February 1 for consideration for admission the following fall. Exemptions may be appealed only through the program director. Prospective students who fail to meet the February 1 deadline for formal admission will usually be allowed to take on-campus medical technology courses on a space-available basis. Permission must be first granted by the program director in advance of registration.

Requirements

Lower Division General Education

Skills
Written Communication (grade of C or better required in both courses)6
Oral Communication (satisfied through major course requirements)
Mathematics6
Elementary Statistics
College Algebra (Required for The Nature of Science courses)
Language and Culture0-6
Information Literacy and Research3
Ways of Knowing
Human Creativity3
Interpreting the Past3
Literature3
Philosophy and Ethics3
Bioethics (preferred)
The Nature of Science12
General Biology I
Foundations of Chemistry I Lecture
   and Foundations of Chemistry I Laboratory
Foundations of Chemistry II Lecture
   and Foundations of Chemistry II Laboratory
Human Behavior3
Impact of Technology (any upper-division T course outside the College of Health Sciences)3
Total Hours45-51

 

Departmental Requirements
BIOL 250
  & BIOL 251
Human Anatomy and Physiology I
   and Human Anatomy and Physiology II
8
CHEM 211
  & CHEM 212
Organic Chemistry Lecture
   and Organic Chemistry Laboratory
5
Students must complete the following courses prior to entering the Medical Technology Program: BIOL 115N, BIOL 250 and BIOL 251, CHEM 121N and CHEM 122N, CHEM 123N and CHEM 124N, CHEM 211 and CHEM 212 and STAT 130M.
Total Hours13


Major Requirements

Third Year
First TermHoursSecond TermHoursSummer TermHours
MEDT 2101MEDT 3093MEDT 3202
MEDT 3072MEDT 3101Clinical Practica 5 to 6 credits from fourth year second term courses 
MEDT 3083MEDT 3131 
MEDT 3113MEDT 3192 
MEDT 3121MEDT 3263 
MEDT 3243MEDT 3361 
MEDT 3251MEDT 3271 
MEDT 3302MEDT 3371 
MEDT 3311MEDT 3391 
 MEDT 3401 
 MEDT 3513 
 17 18 2
Fourth Year
First TermHoursSecond TermHours 
MEDT 403W3MEDT 4044 
MEDT 4403MEDT 4065 
 MEDT 4525 
 MEDT 4544 
 MEDT 4571 
 MEDT 4581 
 6 20 
Total credit hours: 63

Upper Division General Education

  • Option A. Approved Disciplinary Minor, 12 hours minimum; also second degree or second major.
  • Option B. Interdisciplinary Minor (specifically 12 hours, 3 of which may be in the major)
  • Option C. International Business and Regional Courses or an approved Certification Program such as teaching licensure
  • Option D. Two Upper-Division Courses from outside the College of Health Sciences and not required by the major (6 hours)

Requirements for graduation include a minimum cumulative grade point average of 2.00 overall and in the major, a minimum of 121 credit hours, which must include both a minimum of 30 credit hours overall and 12 credit hours in upper-level courses in the major program from Old Dominion University, completion of ENGL 110C, ENGL 211C or 221C or 231C, and the writing intensive (W) course in the major with a grade of C or better, and completion of Senior Assessment.

Bachelor of Science in Medical Technology—MLT to MT Weekend College Program

The B.S.M.T. Weekend Program is available for associate degree holders and former hospital or military program trainees. The curriculum is designed to meet the needs of local and distant practitioners. Program and University required courses are available on weekends and through distance learning.

Lower Division General Education

Skills
Written Communication (grade of C or better required in both courses)6
Oral Communication (satisfied through major course requirements)
Mathematics6
Elementary Statistics
College Algebra (Required for the Nature of Science courses)
Language and Culture0-6
Information Literacy and Research3
Ways of Knowing
Human Creativity3
Interpreting the Past3
Literature3
Philosophy and Ethics3
Bioethics (preferred)
The Nature of Science12
General Biology I
Foundations of Chemistry I Lecture
   and Foundations of Chemistry I Laboratory
Foundations of Chemistry II Lecture
   and Foundations of Chemistry II Laboratory
Human Behavior3
Impact of Technology (any upper-division T course outside the College of Health Sciences)3
Total Hours45-51


Departmental Requirements
BIOL 250
  & BIOL 251
Human Anatomy and Physiology I
   and Human Anatomy and Physiology II
8
CHEM 211
  & CHEM 212
Organic Chemistry Lecture
   and Organic Chemistry Laboratory
5
Students must complete the following courses prior to entering the Medical Technology Program: BIOL 115N, BIOL 250 and BIOL 251, CHEM 121N and CHEM 122N, CHEM 123N and CHEM 124N, CHEM 211 and CHEM 212 and STAT 130M.
Total Hours13

 

Major Requirements

Electives (including transfer and Experiential Learning Credit from MLT Training Program)
MEDT 309Medical Bacteriology3
MEDT 311Hematology3
MEDT 315Clinical Laboratory Diagnosis3
MEDT 324Clinical Instrumentation and Electronics3
MEDT 326Immunohematology3
MEDT 340Medical Parasitology, Mycology, and Virology1
MEDT 350Urinalysis1
MEDT 351Clinical Biochemistry3
MEDT 403WManagement in the Clinical Setting3
MEDT 440Statistical Applications and Data Analysis in the Clinical Laboratory3
MEDT 441Clinical Hematology Competencies1
MEDT 442Clinical Microbiology Competencies1
MEDT 443Clinical Chemistry Competencies1
MEDT 444Clinical Blood Bank Competencies1
MEDT 445Advanced Clinical Practicum3
MEDT 457Medical Technology Seminar1
Total Hours34

Upper Division General Education

  • Option A. Approved Disciplinary Minor, 12 hours minimum; also second degree or second major.
  • Option B. Interdisciplinary Minor (specifically 12 hours, 3 of which may be in the major)
  • Option C. International Business and Regional Courses or an approved Certification Program such as teaching licensure
  • Option D. Two Upper-Division Courses from outside the College of Health Sciences and not required by the major (6 hours)

Requirements for graduation include a minimum cumulative grade point average of 2.00 overall and in the major, minimum 120 credit hours, which must include both a minimum of 30 credit hours overall and 12 credit hours in upper-level courses in the major program from Old Dominion University, completion of ENGL 110C, ENGL 211C or 221C or 231C, and the writing intensive (W) course in the major with a grade of C or better, and completion of Senior Assessment.

Minor in Medical Technology

A minor in medical technology requires a minimum of 12 semester hours of 300/400-level MEDT courses. Students may choose courses from a specific laboratory science discipline (hematology, microbiology, clinical chemistry, and immunohematology) or from several disciplines. All prerequisite courses must be completed. Selection of a plan or program of study must be done in consultation with the program director. For completion of the minor, students must have a minimum overall cumulative grade point average of 2.00 in all courses required for the minor exclusive of prerequisite courses and a minimum of six hours in upper-level courses in the minor requirement must be taken through courses offered by Old Dominion University. Substitutes of non-MEDT courses require the permission of the program director. Completion of the minor does not confer eligibility to write national certification examinations.

Bachelor of Science in Nuclear Medicine Technology

www.hs.odu.edu/medlab/academics/nmed/

Scott R. Sechrist, Program Director 

Nuclear medicine technology is the medical specialty that utilizes sealed and unsealed radioactive materials in the diagnosis and treatment of disease. The nuclear medicine technology program at Old Dominion University is designed to prepare individuals as entry-level nuclear medicine technologists. Upon successful completion of the program, graduates are eligible to sit for a national exam for certification as a nuclear medicine technologist.

 Nuclear medicine technologists are allied health professionals certified in nuclear medicine technology who, under the direction of an authorized physician user, are committed to applying the art and skill of diagnostic and therapeutic nuclear medicine procedures through the safe and effective use of radionuclides. Responsibilities include but are not limited to: direct patient contact, the preparation and administration of radiopharmaceuticals, patient imaging procedures including computer processing, laboratory testing, patient preparation, quality control and radiation safety. Nuclear medicine technologists can be employed in hospitals and imaging centers.

The program is accredited by the Joint Review Committee on Educational Programs in Nuclear Medicine Technology.

A grade of C (2.00) or better in all nuclear medicine course work is required to continue in the program.

Admission

All admission materials must be received by October 15. Interviews are then scheduled for early November.

Requirements

Lower Division General Education

Skills
Written Communication (grade of C or better required in both courses)6
Oral Communication3
Mathematics6
Elementary Statistics
College Algebra
Language and Culture0-6
Information Literacy and Research3
Ways of Knowing
Human Creativity3
Interpreting the Past3
Literature3
Philosophy and Ethics3
Bioethics
The Nature of Science16
Introductory Chemistry
   and Introductory Chemistry Laboratory
Introductory Organic and Biochemistry
   and Introductory Organic and Biochemistry Laboratory
Conceptual Physics
   and Conceptual Physics
Human Behavior3
Impact of Technology3
History of Medicine, Disease, and Health Technology (or upper-division T course outside the College of Health Sciences)
Total Hours52-58

Departmental Requirements
BIOL 250
  & BIOL 251
Human Anatomy and Physiology I
   and Human Anatomy and Physiology II
8
Students must complete the following courses (or equivalent) prior to entering the nuclear medicine technology Program: BIOL 250 and BIOL 251, CHEM 105N, CHEM 106N, CHEM 107N and CHEM 108N, PHYS 101N and PHYS 102N, and MATH 102N and STAT 130M.
Total Hours8

Major Course Requirements

Third Year
Second TermHoursFirst TermHoursSummer TermHours
NMED 3324NMED 3003NMED 4408
NMED 3353NMED 3314 
NMED 4014  
NURS 3932  
 13 7 8
Fourth Year
Second TermHoursFirst TermHours 
NMED 4608NMED 4508 
NMED 4103NMED 4024 
NMED 475W3NMED 4033 
 14 15 
Total credit hours: 57

Elective credit may be needed to meet the minimum requirement of 120 credit hours.

Upper Division General Education

  • Option A. Approved Disciplinary Minor, 12 hours minimum; also second degree or second major.
  • Option B. Interdisciplinary Minor (specifically 12 hours, 3 of which may be in the major)
  • Option C. International Business and Regional Courses or an approved Certification Program such as teaching licensure
  • Option D. Two Upper-Division Courses from outside the College of Health Sciences and not required by the major (6 hours)

A variety of clinical facilities in the Hampton Roads area are utilized for clinical education experiences. Students are responsible for providing their own transportation to these sites. Students must meet established programmatic technical standards. Requirements for graduation include a minimum cumulative grade point average of 2.00 overall and in the major, a minimum of 120 credit hours, which must include both a minimum of 30 credit hours overall and 12 credit hours in upper-level courses in the major program from Old Dominion University, completion of ENGL 110C, ENGL 211C or 221C or 231C, and the writing intensive (W) course in the major with a grade of C or better, and completion of Senior Assessment.

Cytotechnology Track—Bachelor of Science in Health Sciences

www.hs.odu.edu/medlab/academics/cyto/

Sophie K. Thompson, Program Director

The School of Medical Laboratory and Radiation Sciences offers a program in cytotechnology through the Bachelor of Science in Health Sciences.

Cytotechnologists are specially trained medical laboratory professionals who work with pathologists in detecting changes in cell samples from numerous body sites which allows the early diagnosis of cancer. This is done primarily with the use of the microscope to evaluate slide preparation of cell samples for abnormalities in structure, indicating cancer, precancerous lesions, benign tumors, infectious agents and inflammatory processes. They are also trained in specimen preparatory techniques.

The program of study is accredited by the Commission on Accreditation of Allied Health Education Programs (CAAHEP), 1361 Park Street, Clearwater, FL 33756; phone: 727-210-2350; e-mail: mail@caahep.org; website: www.caahep.org, in association with the American Society of Cytopathology.

Theory is reinforced through an integrated clinical phase which allows the student direct experience in a hospital or lab setting providing additional training in screening techniques and diagnostic procedures. Graduates are eligible to sit for national certifying ASCP exams.

Application to the cytotechnology program must be submitted by February 1 for the fall semester.

Requirements

Lower Division General Education

Skills
Written Communication6
English Composition (grade of C or better required)
English Composition (grade of C or better required)
Oral Communication *
Mathematics3
College Algebra
Language and Culture0-6
Information Literacy and Research3
Information Literacy for Health Professions (preferred)
Ways of Knowing
Human Creativity3
Interpreting the Past3
Literature3
Philosophy and Ethics3
Bioethics (recommended)
The Nature of Science16
General Biology I
   and General Biology II
Introductory Chemistry
   and Introductory Chemistry Laboratory
Introductory Organic and Biochemistry
   and Introductory Organic and Biochemistry Laboratory
Human Behavior3
Impact of Technology3
History of Medicine, Disease, and Health Technology (preferred but any upper-division T course outside the College of Health Sciences accepted)
Total Hours46-52

*

Met in the major with CYTO 424 and CYTO 497.


Departmental Requirements
Health Sciences Core9
Critical Issues in Public/Community Health Administration *
Management in the Clinical Setting
Public and Community Health Administration
Research Methods in the Health Sciences
Medical Terminology
BIOL 250
  & BIOL 251
Human Anatomy and Physiology I
   and Human Anatomy and Physiology II
8
BIOL 103Basic Bacteriology4
Students must complete the following courses prior to entering the cytotechnology program: BIOL 115N and 116N, BIOL 250 and 251, BIOL 103, CHEM 105N and 106N, CHEM 107N and 108N and the nine hours from the health sciences core courses.
Total Hours21

*

Grade of C or better required in CHP 415W or MEDT 403W. 


Major Course Requirements

First Semester:
CYTO 407Clinical Histology (strongly recommended)3
CYTO 428Cytopreparatory Techniques and Procedures2
Second Semester:
CYTO 403Gynecological Screening Laboratory3
CYTO 404General Pathology3
CYTO 405Normal Gynecological Cytology3
CYTO 415Abnormal Gynecological Cytology4
CYTO 442Gastro-Intestinal Cytology2
CYTO 458Cytology Internship I4
Third Semester:
CYTO 424Respiratory Cytology3
CYTO 444Genitourinary Cytology2
CYTO 445Breast Cytology3
CYTO 446Body Fluids Cytology2
CYTO 448Non-Epithelial Cytology2
CYTO 468Cytology Internship II4
Fourth Semester:
CYTO 455Fine Needle Aspiration5
CYTO 478Cytology Internship III8
CYTO 497Cytology Senior Seminar2
Total Hours55

Upper Division General Education

  • Option A. Approved Disciplinary Minor, 12 hours minimum; also second degree or second major.
  • Option B. Interdisciplinary Minor (specifically 12 hours, 3 of which may be in the major)
  • Option C. International Business and Regional Courses or an approved Certification Program such as teaching licensure
  • Option D. Two Upper-Division Courses from outside the College of Health Sciences and not required by the major (6 hours)

Requirements for graduation include a minimum cumulative grade point average of 2.00 overall and in the major, a minimum of 120 credit hours, which must include both a minimum of 30 credit hours overall and 12 credit hours in upper-level courses in the major program from Old Dominion University, completion of ENGL 110C, ENGL 211C or 221C or 231C, and the writing intensive (W) course in the major with a grade of C or better, and completion of Senior Assessment.

Certificate Option/Second Degree

A certificate in cytotechnology or second degree in health sciences is available to students who have a Bachelor of Science degree, with a minimum of 20 credit hours in biology and eight credit hours in chemistry.

Ophthalmic Technology Track in the B.S.H.S.

www.evms.edu

Lori J. Wood, Program Director

The track in ophthalmic technology is designed to produce an ophthalmic technologist with a strong background in the basic sciences and a high degree of technical competence in ophthalmic technology. The certificate, offered by the School of Health Professions, Eastern Virginia Medical School, fulfills the professional electives requirements in the Bachelor of Science in Health Sciences offered by the College of Health Sciences, Old Dominion University. The preclinical and general education courses will be offered at Old Dominion University and the clinical program through Eastern Virginia Medical School and its clinical affiliates.

After successful completion of the program, the student will be awarded a certificate of completion from Eastern Virginia Medical School and Old Dominion University. All students must take the written examination for national certification through the Joint Commission on Allied Health Personnel in Ophthalmology in order to satisfy graduation requirements for the program.

Prior to consideration for admission to the ophthalmic technology program, each applicant must complete the required prerequisite courses, or equivalents, maintaining a grade point average of at least 2.00 (4.00 scale). For priority consideration, applications should be submitted no later than March 1 for the class starting in September. The program will accept applications until all slots are filled.

Requirements

First Year
First TermHoursSecond TermHours
ENGL 110C (grade of C or better required)3The Nature of Science4
The Nature of Science 4(Select any 'N' course; BIOL 116N preferred) 
(Select any 'N' course; BIOL 115N preferred) BIOL 2504
MATH 102M (or higher)3Human Behavior3
(Department requirement; not automatically satisfied by associate degree) (Select one 'S' course) 
Information Literacy 3
PSYC 201S (preferred)
 
HLTH 120G (preferred)
 Math or Science Elective3
Oral Communication 3
STAT 130M (preferred)
 
 Human Creativity 3
 16 17
Second Year
First TermHoursSecond TermHours
Math or Science Elective3-4CHP 4503
BIOL 103 (preferred)
 Choose one writing intensive course; grade of C or better required3
Select one3 
ENGL 211C (grade of C or better required)
  
ENGL 221C (grade of C or better required)
  
ENGL 231C (grade of C or better required)
 Philosophy3
Interpreting the Past (select one history course)3(Select one course) 
  
  
  
  
 
Any PHIL 'P" course
 
  The Impact of Technology3
Literature (select one course)3
HIST 304T (or other upper-division "T" course outside the College of Health Sciences)
 
 Electives if needed to total 120 credit hours 
  
  
NMED 300 or DNTH 4153 
 15-16 12
Total credit hours: 60-61

Upper Division General Education

  • Option A. Approved Disciplinary Minor, 12-24 hours minimum; also second degree or second major.
  • Option B. Interdisciplinary Minor (specifically 12 hours, 3 of which may be in the major)
  • Option C. International Business and Regional Courses or an approved Certification Program such as teaching licensure
  • Option D. Two Upper-Division Courses from outside the College of Health Sciences and not required by the major (6 hours). PHIL upper-division Ethics "E" course and upper-division Technology "T" course outside the College of Health Sciences can be used to meet this option. Select Associate degrees may satisfy the "T" requirement.

Third Year
First TermHoursSecond TermHoursSummer TermHours
OPHS 3114OPHS 3303OPHS 3505
OPHS 3123OPHS 3355OPHS 3522
OPHS 3205OPHS 3374 
OPHS 3213  
 15 12 7
Fourth Year
First TermHoursSecond TermHours 
OPHS 4205OPHS 4225 
OPHS 4215OPHS 4235 
OPHS 4303OPHS 4403 
 13 13 
Total credit hours: 60


Requirements for Graduation
Requirements for graduation include a minimum cumulative grade point average of 2.00 overall and in the major, a minimum of 120 credit hours, which must include both a minimum of 30 credit hours overall and 12 credit hours in upper-level courses in the major program from Old Dominion University, completion of ENGL 110C, ENGL 211C or 221C or 231C, and the writing intensive (W) course in the major with a grade of C or better, and completion of Senior Assessment. In addition, students must take the written National Board Exam with JCAHPO prior to graduation.

CYTOTECHNOLOGY Courses

CYTO 403. Gynecological Screening Laboratory. 3 Credits.

Laboratory; 3 credits. Prerequisites: advanced standing and/or permission of the cytotechnology program director. Laboratory experience in the screening of gynecological smears.

CYTO 404. General Pathology. 3 Credits.

Lecture; 3 credits. Prerequisites: BIOL 250 and 251 or equivalent. This course is an overview of general disease processes and causes in the human. All body systems will be covered including respiratory, gastrointestinal, circulatory, nervous, reproductive, and urinary. Aging, dietary, and stress factors will be discussed in the disease process. Bacteria, fungi, and viruses will be discussed in general and for each body system. Neoplasms will be covered for each body site. This course will be of benefit to anyone interested in diseases of the human body or entering the medical field. (cross listed with MEDT 401).

CYTO 405. Normal Gynecological Cytology. 3 Credits.

Lecture/laboratory; 3 credits. Prerequisite: permission of program director. Introduction to histological and cytological features of the normal female genital tract with emphasis on normal and non-neoplastic abnormalities. Principles of cytological diagnostic techniques will be discussed.

CYTO 407. Clinical Histology. 3 Credits.

Lecture/Laboratory; 3 credits. Prerequisites: permission of the instructor. This course consists of the systematic study of cellular components as well as the grouping/organization of tissues into major 'organ' systems. Microscopic and virtual identification and morphology of cells, tissues, and organ substructures will be emphasized. This course will be of benefit to anyone interested in diseases of the human body or entering the medical field.

CYTO 415. Abnormal Gynecological Cytology. 4 Credits.

Lecture/laboratory; 4 credits. Prerequisites: CYTO 405 and permission of the program director. Introduction to diagnostic cytological techniques and pathology of the female reproductive tract with emphasis on premalignant and malignant changes.

CYTO 424. Respiratory Cytology. 3 Credits.

Lecture/laboratory; 3 credits. Prerequisites: CYTO 405 and 415. Principles of diagnostic cytology and pathology of the respiratory tract, including benign conditions, inflammatory and infectious diseases, premalignant conditions and primary and metastatic malignancies.

CYTO 428. Cytopreparatory Techniques and Procedures. 2 Credits.

Lecture/laboratory; 2 credits. Prerequisite: permission of program director. Introduction to collection, processing, and preparation of cytologic samples from all body sites.

CYTO 442. Gastro-Intestinal Cytology. 2 Credits.

Lecture/laboratory; 2 credits. Prerequisites: CYTO 405 and 415. Study of the pathology and cytology of the gastro-intestinal tract, including the oral cavity, esophagus, stomach, colon, and rectum. Emphasis on normal conditions, benign inflammatory, infections, parasitic conditions, gastric ulcers, premalignant and malignant lesions.

CYTO 444. Genitourinary Cytology. 2 Credits.

Lecture/laboratory; 2 credits. Prerequisites: CYTO 405 and 415. Study of the pathology and cytology of the genitourinary tract, with emphasis in normal conditions, benign inflammatory and infectious conditions, crystals, premalignant and malignant lesions.

CYTO 445. Breast Cytology. 3 Credits.

Lecture/laboratory; 3 credits. Prerequisites: CYTO 405 and 415. Study of pathology and cytology of the breast, with emphasis on benign, inflammatory conditions, premalignant and malignant disease in both breast smears and fine needle aspirations.

CYTO 446. Body Fluids Cytology. 2 Credits.

Lecture/laboratory; 2 credits. Prerequisites: CYTO 405 and 415. Study of the pleural, peritoneal and pericardial cavity fluids, synovial and cerebral spinal fluids, with emphasis on benign, inflammatory conditions, and primary and metastatic malignancies.

CYTO 448. Non-Epithelial Cytology. 2 Credits.

Lecture/laboratory; 2 credits. Prerequisites: CYTO 405, 415, 424, 444, 445, 446. Study of the pathology and cytology of non- epithelial lesions with emphasis on benign, inflammatory, and malignant conditions.

CYTO 455. Fine Needle Aspiration. 5 Credits.

Lecture/laboratory; 5 credits. Prerequisites: CYTO 405, 415, 424, 444, 445, 446. Study of specialized collection techniques, processing and diagnosis of fine needle aspirations from various body sites, including, but not limited to, thyroid, liver, lymph nodes, pancreas, lung, kidney, etc. Emphasis will be on benign, inflammatory, primary, and metastatic malignancies of all sites. Clinical practical application of these principles will be continued at the clinical sites.

CYTO 458. Cytology Internship I. 4 Credits.

4 credits. Prerequisites: CYTO 405 and 415. Directly supervised experience in a clinical setting: includes evaluation of gynecologic smears and study set assignments. Students will be exposed to cytopreparatory techniques. (qualifies as a CAP experience).

CYTO 468. Cytology Internship II. 4 Credits.

4 credits. Prerequisites: CYTO 405, 415, 424, 444, 445 and 446. Directly supervised experience in a clinical setting. Includes evaluation of gynecologic and non-gynecologic specimen slides and study set assignments. Students will pre-screen gynecologic and non-gynecologic smears and study set assignments. Students will be exposed to cytopreparatory techniques. (qualifies as a CAP experience).

CYTO 478. Cytology Internship III. 8 Credits.

8 credits. Prerequisites: CYTO 405, 415, 424, 444, 445, 446, and 455. Directly supervised experience in a clinical setting. Includes evaluation of gynecologic and non-gynecologic smears and study set assignments. Students will be exposed to cytopreparatory techniques. (qualifies as a CAP experience).

CYTO 495. Topics in Cytology. 1-3 Credits.

1-3 credits. Prerequisite: permission of the program director. Independent study of selected topics in clinical cytology. Review of cytologic specimens from various body sites.

CYTO 497. Cytology Senior Seminar. 2 Credits.

Seminar; 2 credits. Prerequisite: permission of the program director. Supervised experience consists of clinical cases and seminar presentations into current advances within the specialty of clinical cytology. A student research project and oral presentation of current journal articles and the research paper are required.

CYTO 498. Topics. 1-3 Credits.

MEDICAL LAB/RADIATION SCI Courses

MLRS 400/500. Principles of Molecular Pathology and Clinical Diagnostics. 3 Credits.

Lecture 3 hours; 3 credits. Prerequisites: BIOL 250, 251; CHEM 211, 212 or permission of instructor. Basic concepts of molecular pathology & clinical diagnostics including nucleic acids, DNA replication, transcription, proteins, mutations & chromosome changes that underlie inherited & acquired/infectious disease, inheritance patterns & genetics as applied to oncology, cardiac disease & organ transplants. Covers emerging molecular/cytologic/histologic methods (amplification, hybridization & micoarrays) to detect disease markers, monitor therapy & assess identity; pharmacogenomics & legal/ethical issues of genetic testing.

MLRS 401/501. Molecular Diagnostics Laboratory. 3 Credits.

Lecture, 1 hour; Lab, 4 hours; 3 credits. Corequisite: MLRS 400 or permission of instructor. Course includes hands-on experience with or discussion of diagnostics instrumentation and assays using nucleic acid and protein extraction, gel electrophoresis, hybridization techniques, standard and real time polymerase chain reaction (PCR), reverse transcription, DNA sequencing, autoradiography, flow cytometry, microarrays and proteomics-based methods.

MEDICAL TECHNOLOGY Courses

MEDT 210. Orientation to Medical Technology. 1 Credit.

Lecture 1 hour; 1 credit. An introduction to the profession of medical technology. Professional, ethical and operational issues will be discussed.

MEDT 307. Clinical Methods in Microbiology. 2 Credits.

Laboratory 4 hours; 2 credits. Corequisite: MEDT 308. Laboratory techniques in the diagnosis of clinically relevant microorganisms.

MEDT 308. Clinical Microbiology. 3 Credits.

Lecture 3 hours; 3 credits. Prerequisites: BIOL 115N, 116N; CHEM 211 is recommended or permission of the instructor. A fundamental course in microbiology which includes bacterial growth, synthesis, differentiation, microbial nutrition and metabolism.

MEDT 309. Medical Bacteriology. 3 Credits.

Lecture 3 hours; 3 credits. Prerequisites: MEDT 307, 308. A comprehensive survey of bacteria, including colonial morphology, cultural characteristics, biochemical identification, pathogenicity, epidemiology, and treatment.

MEDT 310. Urinalysis and Body Fluids. 1 Credit.

Laboratory 3 hours; 1 credit. Prerequisites: BIOL 250, 251 or permission of the instructor. Corequisite: MEDT 313. A study of the chemical, physical and microscopic analysis of human urine and other body fluids, with abnormal results interpreted and correlated to disease processes.

MEDT 311. Hematology. 3 Credits.

Lecture 3 hours; 3 credits. Prerequisites: BIOL 250, 251 or permission of the instructor. The study of the principles of the formation and development of blood, including the interpretation of normal and abnormal blood morphology and diagnostic procedures in the investigation of hematological disorders.

MEDT 312. Hematology Laboratory. 1 Credit.

Laboratory 3 hours; 1 credit. Corequisite: MEDT 311. Laboratory methods utilizing procedures in the diagnosis and investigation of hematological disorders.

MEDT 313. Diagnostic Methods in Urinalysis. 1 Credit.

Laboratory 3 hours; 1 credit. Prerequisite: BIOL 250 or equivalent. Corequisite: MEDT 310. Laboratory experience in the chemical, physical, and microscopic examination of the urine with emphasis on quality control, osmometry, and disease correlates.

MEDT 315. Clinical Laboratory Diagnosis. 3 Credits.

Lecture 3 hours; 3 credits. Prerequisite: students must be graduates of a clinical laboratory training program. An introduction to clinical diagnostic principles utilized in immunology, serology, and hemostasis.

MEDT 319. Medical Bacteriology Methods. 2 Credits.

Laboratory 4 hours; 2 credits. Corequisite: MEDT 309. Laboratory methods emphasizing isolation, identification and media requirements for pathogenic microorganisms.

MEDT 320. Blood Collection Techniques. 2 Credits.

Lecture 1 hour; laboratory 3 hours; 2 credits. Prerequisite: BIOL 250 or equivalent or permission of the instructor. Laboratory methods in the procurement of blood by capillary, venipuncture and arterial draws, analytical variables, special phlebotomy tests, isolation techniques, safety, forensic, molecular, legal and ethical implications, pediatric, geriatric, and compromised patient concerns. All students must submit to venipuncture by fellow students.

MEDT 322. Phlebotomy Internship. 2 Credits.

2 credits. Prerequisite: MEDT 320. A 120-hour clinical internship for non-majors desiring to qualify for the ASCP certification exam.

MEDT 324. Clinical Instrumentation and Electronics. 3 Credits.

Lecture 3 hours; 3 credits. Prerequisites: CHEM 211 or 321, MATH 102M or permission of the instructor. Corequisite: MEDT 325. A course covering the theory, operation, selection, maintenance and quality control of instruments in the clinical laboratory. Some instruments discussed include spectrophotometers, flame photometry, atomic absorption, fluorometry, gas and liquid chromatography, mass spectroscopy, chemiluminescence, immunochiemical and nephelometric methods, electrophoresis, radiation detection and dosimetry, osmometry, electrochemistry and applications to molecular diagnostic testing. Statistical applications to data analysis of both instrument and method comparisons, trouble shooting and quality control in the clinical lab.

MEDT 325. Clinical Instrumentation Methods. 1 Credit.

Laboratory 3 hours; 1 credit. Prerequisites: MATH 102M, CHEM 121N, 122N, 123N, 124N, 211. Corequisite: MEDT 324. A laboratory course designed for students entering the clinical laboratory field. The course includes the instrumental and data processing techniques required for the clinical analysis of body fluids as well as applied statistical techniques to the interpretation of laboratory data. Lab to include molecular diagnostic testing, comparison studies, quality control, calibration, maintenance, and trouble shooting of clinical chemistry analytics.

MEDT 326. Immunohematology. 3 Credits.

Lecture 3 hours; 3 credits. Prerequisites: MEDT 311, 330, 331, BIOL 250, 251 or permission of the instructor. The study of the identification of blood group antigens and antibodies, standard testing procedures, decision criteria for component selection, and regulations of blood banks and transfusion services.

MEDT 327. Hemostasis. 1 Credit.

Lecture 1 hour; laboratory 2 hours; 1 credit. Prerequisites: MEDT 311, 312 or permission of the instructor. The study of the fundamentals of hemostasis, emphasizing principles, evaluation techniques, and diagnostic applications. Class meets the first 7 weeks of the semester.

MEDT 328. Medical Parasitology, Mycology, and Virology. 1 Credit.

Lecture 1 hour; 1 credit. Prerequisites: MEDT 307, 308 or permission of the instructor. A study of the medically important parasites, fungi and viruses and their medical significance.

MEDT 330. Clinical Immunology/Serology. 2 Credits.

Lecture 2 hours; 2 credits. Prerequisites: BIOL 115N and 250-251 or permission of the instructor. The study of the body's immune response, its cellular and non-cellular components, in-vitro manifestations, diagnostic techniques and interpretations related to the investigation and diagnosis of disease states.

MEDT 331. Clinical Immunology/Serology Laboratory. 1 Credit.

Laboratory 2 hours; 1 credit. Corequisite: MEDT 330. Laboratory methods emphasizing in-vitro antigen and antibody reactions used to identify infectious and non-infectious disorders.

MEDT 336. Immunohematology Laboratory. 1 Credit.

Laboratory 3 hours; 1 credit. Corequisite: MEDT 326. Laboratory methods emphasizing procedures identifying blood group antigens and antibodies needed in making transfusion-related decisions.

MEDT 337. Advanced Hematology. 1 Credit.

Lecture 1 hours; laboratory 2 hours; 1 credit. Prerequisites: MEDT 311, 312 or permission of the instructor. The study of blood cells in blood and body fluids, morphologic identification and correlation of laboratory data in order to identify specific disease states. Class meets the second 7 weeks of the semester.

MEDT 339. Parasitology, Mycology, and Virology Lab. 1 Credit.

Laboratory 2 hours; 1 credit. Corequisite: MEDT 328 or 340. Laboratory methods emphasizing the identification of medically relevant parasites and fungi.

MEDT 340. Medical Parasitology, Mycology, and Virology. 1 Credit.

1 credit. Prerequisites: MEDT 307, 308 or permission of the instructor. A study of the medically important parasites, fungi, and viruses, and their medical significance.

MEDT 350. Urinalysis. 1 Credit.

1 credit. Prerequisites: BIOL 250, 251 or permission of the instructor. A study of the chemical, physical and microscopic analysis of human urine, with abnormal results interpreted and correlated to disease processes. Restricted to distance education students.

MEDT 351. Clinical Biochemistry. 3 Credits.

Lecture 3 hours; 3 credits. Prerequisites: BIOL 250, 251, CHEM 211-212, or permission of the instructor. An introduction to the applications of biochemistry and clinical testing in the diagnosis of human disease. Practice given in the interpretation of laboratory data in the areas of carbohydrate, protein, lipid, genetic disorders, liver, renal, pancreatic, G.I., enzymatic, and cardiac testing, also enzyme kinetics, electrolytes, acid base physiology, tumor markers, endocrinology, pharmacokinetics, therapeutic drug monitoring, and molecular diagnostics. Special emphasis on specimen collecting pre- and post-analytical variables and case studies.

MEDT 401. General Pathology. 3 Credits.

Lecture 3 hours; 3 credits. Prerequisites: BIOL 250 and 251 or equivalent. This course is an overview of general disease processes and causes in the human. All body systems will be covered including respiratory, gastrointestinal, circulatory, nervous, reproductive, and urinary. Aging, dietary, and stress factors will be discussed in the disease process. Bacteria, fungi, and viruses will be discussed in general and for each body system. Neoplasms will be covered for each body site. This course will be of benefit to anyone interested in diseases of the human body or entering the medical field. (cross listed with CYTO 404).

MEDT 403W/503. Management in the Clinical Setting. 3 Credits.

Lecture 3 hours; 3 credits. Prerequisite: junior standing and a grade of C or better in ENGL 211C or 221C or 231C. A course concerned with organization and management in the clinical setting including personnel supervision, planning, equipment justification, quality assurance, data processing, budgeting, fiscal techniques, marketing, regulatory agencies, educational methodologies, current issues, as well as legal and ethical considerations. (This is a writing intensive course.).

MEDT 404. Clinical Hematology Practicum. 4 Credits.

4 credits. Prerequisites: MEDT 311, 312, 327, 337, and permission of the program director. Direct clinical experience offered in automated and manual hematology procedures used in distinguishing blood dyscrasias and coagulation abnormalities. (qualifies as a CAP experience).

MEDT 406. Clinical Microbiology Practicum. 5 Credits.

5 credits. Prerequisites: MEDT 308, 309, and permission of the program director. Direct clinical experience offered in isolating and identifying human pathogens such as bacteria, fungi, and parasites from various clinical specimens. (qualifies as a CAP experience).

MEDT 440/540. Statistical Applications and Data Analysis in the Clinical Laboratory. 3 Credits.

Lecture 3 hours; 3 credits. Prerequisite: STAT 130M. Topics include review of basic statistics used in the laboratory; use of statistics for quality control, reference range determination, method comparisons, test utility assessment, techniques for searching the literature and assessing quality and applicability of published studies; and data organization and retrieval via queries. Students will perform projects, preferably using actual laboratory data, that relate to lecture topics.

MEDT 441. Clinical Hematology Competencies. 1 Credit.

1 credit. Prerequisites: MEDT 311, 315. Demonstration of stated clinical laboratory competencies in an approved laboratory setting within the discipline of hematology.

MEDT 442. Clinical Microbiology Competencies. 1 Credit.

1 credit. Prerequisite: MEDT 309. Demonstration of stated clinical laboratory competencies in an approved laboratory setting within the discipline of clinical microbiology.

MEDT 443. Clinical Chemistry Competencies. 1 Credit.

1 credit. Prerequisites: MEDT 324, 351. Demonstration of stated clinical laboratory competencies in an approved laboratory setting within the discipline of clinical chemistry.

MEDT 444. Clinical Blood Bank Competencies. 1 Credit.

1 credit. Prerequisites: MEDT 315, 326. Demonstration of stated clinical laboratory competencies in an approved laboratory setting within the discipline of blood banking.

MEDT 445. Advanced Clinical Practicum. 3 Credits.

3 credits. Prerequisite: MEDT 440 or approved research methods course; or permission of instructor. A project-based advanced clinical experience for laboratory practitioners emphasizing enhancement of basic procedures and techniques and development of management, research, computer and educational skills, resulting in a written paper and oral presentation. (qualifies as a CAP experience).

MEDT 452. Clinical Biochemistry Practicum. 5 Credits.

5 credits. Prerequisites: MEDT 324, 325, 351, and permission of the program director. Direct clinical experience offered in automated and manual clinical chemistry determinations with emphasis on the principles, instrumentation, interpretation, and diagnostic significance. (qualifies as a CAP experience).

MEDT 454. Clinical Blood Bank Practicum. 4 Credits.

4 credits. Prerequisites: MEDT 311, 312, 326, 336, and permission of the program director. Direct clinical experience offered in the theories and principles of blood banking with emphasis on the instruction of technical procedures used in an AABB approved blood bank. (qualifies as a CAP experience).

MEDT 457. Medical Technology Seminar. 1 Credit.

1 credit. Prerequisite: permission of the program director. Independent study in all the areas of the clinical laboratory, culminating in a comprehensive final exam in all areas of medical technology. Excellent review for certification exams.

MEDT 458. Clinical Elective Practicum. 1 Credit.

1 credit. Prerequisite: permission of the program director. Directed internship in any clinical area of interest approved by the clinical instructor and program director. (qualifies as a CAP experience).

MEDT 495. Special Topics in Medical Technology. 1-3 Credits.

1-3 credits. Prerequisite: permission of the program director. The advanced study of selected topics within the medical field.

MEDT 497. Directed Study in Medical Technology. 1-3 Credits.

1-3 credits. Prerequisite: permission of the program director. Supervised experience in medical technology specialties, allowing students to pursue areas of interest under faculty direction.

MEDT 498. Clinical Research Methods. 3 Credits.

Lecture 3 hours; 3 credits. Prerequisite: STAT 130M or permission of the instructor. An introduction to clinical research methods to include sampling techniques, data collection and analysis, inferential statistics, multivariate analysis, hypothesis testing and research design. The student will be expected to develop a research proposal based upon a critical review of the literature.

NUCLEAR MEDICINE TECHNOLOGY Courses

NMED 300. Medical Terminology. 3 Credits.

Lecture 3 hours; 3 credits. Prerequisite: permission of the program director. A course designed to cover the terminology and abbreviations used in the clinical sciences.

NMED 331. Fundamental Concepts in Nuclear Medicine Technology. 4 Credits.

Lecture 4 hours; 4 credits. Prerequisites: PHYS 101N, 102N or equivalent and permission of the program director. A course designed to cover the physical principles related to nuclear medicine technology. The methods of radioactive decay, types of radiation, radiation interactions, origins of radionuclides, SPECT/PET/CT radionuclides and non-nuclear imaging techniques are presented.

NMED 332. Nuclear Instrumentation. 4 Credits.

Lecture 4 hours; 4 credits. Prerequisite: permission of the program director. This course is designed to familiarize the student with the theory, operation and quality assurance associated with the instrumentation found in a typical nuclear medicine department.

NMED 335. Radiation Health. 3 Credits.

Lecture 3 hours; 3 credits. Prerequisite: junior standing or permission of the instructor. Discussions of radiation effects on cellular systems as well as guidelines for radiation protection and safe handling of radioactive material.

NMED 401. Nuclear Medicine Technology I. 4 Credits.

Lecture 4 hours; 4 credits. Prerequisites: BIOL 250-251 or permission of the program director. A course designed to cover the nuclear medicine procedures of the gastrointestinal, genitourinary, central nervous and skeletal systems. Relevant clinical procedures are also covered.

NMED 402. Nuclear Medicine Technology II. 4 Credits.

Lecture 4 hours; 4 credits. Prerequisites: NMED 401 or permission of the program director. A course designed to cover the nuclear medicine procedures of the respiratory, cardiovascular and endocrine systems. Relevant clinical procedures are also presented.

NMED 403. Radiopharmacy. 3 Credits.

Lecture 3 hours; 3 credits. Prerequisites: NMED 331, CHEM 101N-102N or equivalent and permission of the program director. This course is designed to cover the concepts and techniques related to the field of radiopharmacy. The production, preparation and quality assurance of radiopharmaceuticals are presented.

NMED 410. Non-Imaging Nuclear Medicine Technology. 3 Credits.

Lecture 3 hours; 3 credits. Prerequisite: NMED 401. This course is designed to provide the student with an understanding of the theory and techniques relevant to non-imaging nuclear medicine technology. Topics include organ function studies, cellular kinetics and radionuclide therapy.

NMED 440. Clinical Nuclear Medicine Technology I. 8 Credits.

8 credits. Prerequisites: NMED 401 and permission of the program director. Clinical instruction in patient care, radiation safety, radiopharmaceutical administration, imaging and nonimaging techniques and quality assurance procedures. (qualifies as a CAP experience).

NMED 450. Clinical Nuclear Medicine Technology II. 8 Credits.

8 credits. Prerequisites: NMED 440 and permission of the program director. Continued clinical instruction in diagnostic and therapeutic nuclear medicine procedures, including PET/CT. The correlation of nuclear medicine procedures is also presented. (qualifies as a CAP experience).

NMED 460. Clinical Nuclear Medicine Technology III. 8 Credits.

8 credits. Prerequisites: NMED 450 and permission of the program director. Advanced clinical instruction in diagnostic and therapeutic nuclear medicine procedures, including PET/CT. The correlation of nuclear medicine procedures is also presented. (qualifies as a CAP experience).

NMED 475W. Administration and Management in Nuclear Medicine Technology. 3 Credits.

Lecture 3 hours; 3 credits. Prerequisite: admission to the program and a grade of C or better in ENGL 211C or 221C or 231C. This writing intensive course is designed to provide a review of the administration, management, policies, and practices relevant to nuclear medicine technology. The leadership, legal, ethical and planning aspects of operating a nuclear medicine department are covered. (This is a writing intensive course.).

NMED 495. Special Topics in Nuclear Medicine Technology. 1-3 Credits.

3 credits. Prerequisite: permission of the program director. A study of selected current topics in nuclear medicine technology.

NMED 497. Directed Study in Nuclear Medicine Technology. 1-3 Credits.

OPHTHALMIC SCIENCE Courses

OPHS 311. Motility. 4 Credits.

Lecture 3 hours; laboratory 3 hours; 4 credits. Prerequisite: admission in the ophthalmic technology program. Fundamental study of muscle anatomy and physiology, vision testing for infants and children, and ocular motor evaluation.

OPHS 312. Ocular Anatomy and Systemic Disease. 3 Credits.

Lecture 3 hours; laboratory 1 hour; 3 credits. Prerequisite: admission in the ophthalmic technology program. In-depth study of the anatomy and physiology of the ocular system and medical terminology.

OPHS 320. Optics and Refraction. 5 Credits.

Lecture 2 hours; laboratory 6 hours; 5 credits. Prerequisite: admission in the ophthalmic technology program. Lensometry, visual function and testing, retinoscopy, refractometry, and basic optics.

OPHS 321. Visual Pathway. 3 Credits.

Lecture 3 hours; 3 credits. Prerequisite: admission in the ophthalmic technology program. Manual and Automated Perimetry, visual pathway, associated lesions, glaucoma and tonometry.

OPHS 330. Pharmacology and Systemic Disease. 3 Credits.

Lecture 3 hours; laboratory 1 hour; 3 credits. Prerequisite: admission in the ophthalmic technology program. General technical skills, systemic disease, case histories, basic pharmacology.

OPHS 335. Technical Skills. 5 Credits.

Lecture 5 hours; 5 credits. Prerequisite: admission in the ophthalmic technology program. Advanced retinoscopy and refractometry, basic contact lens fitting, photography, and introduction to fluorescein angiography.

OPHS 337. Advanced Motility. 4 Credits.

Clinical experience 8 hours; 4 credits. Prerequisite: admission in the ophthalmic technology program. Advanced motility with sensory evaluation. (qualifies as a CAP experience).

OPHS 350. Advanced Technical Skills. 5 Credits.

Clinical experience 20 hours; 10 credits. Prerequisite: admission in the ophthalmic technology program. Continuation of advanced lecture topics, introduction to diagnostic testing. (qualifies as a CAP experience).

OPHS 352. General Clinical Rotation. 2 Credits.

Lecture 2 hours; 2 credits. Prerequisite: admission in the ophthalmic technology program. Externship in private ophthalmologist's office.

OPHS 420. Specialty Rotation I. 5 Credits.

(2 month rotation) Clinical experience 20 hours; 5 credits. Prerequisite: admission in the ophthalmic technology program. Ten-week rotation in each of the following: pediatric ophthalmology, contact lenses, low vision, ophthalmic surgical assisting, and advanced diagnostic testing. (qualifies as a CAP experience).

OPHS 421. Specialty Rotation II. 5 Credits.

(2 month rotation) Clinical experience 20 hours; 5 credits. Prerequisite: admission in the ophthalmic technology program. Ten-week rotation in each of the following: pediatric ophthalmology, contact lenses, low vision, ophthalmic surgical assisting, and advanced diagnostic testing. (qualifies as a CAP experience).

OPHS 422. Specialty Rotation III. 5 Credits.

(2 month rotation) Clinical experience 20 hours; 5 credits. Prerequisite: admission in the ophthalmic technology program. Ten-week rotation in each of the following: pediatric ophthalmology, contact lenses, low vision, ophthalmic surgical assisting, and advanced diagnostic testing. (qualifies as a CAP experience).

OPHS 423. Specialty Rotation IV. 5 Credits.

(2 month rotation) Clinical experience 20 hours; 5 credits. Prerequisite: admission in the ophthalmic technology program. Ten-week rotation in each of the following: pediatric ophthalmology, contact lenses, low vision, ophthalmic surgical assisting, and advanced diagnostic testing. (qualifies as a CAP experience).

OPHS 430. Advanced Topics I. 3 Credits.

Seminar 3 hours; 3 credits. Prerequisite: admission in the ophthalmic technology program. Lectures on various advanced topics in ophthalmic disease and special testing.

OPHS 440. Advanced Topics II. 3 Credits.

Seminar 3 hours; 3 credits. Prerequisite: admission in the ophthalmic technology program. Lectures on various advanced topics in ophthalmology and Board Exam review.