http://www.odu.edu/academics/programs/undergraduate/environmental-health

Muge Akpinar-Elci, Chair

The School of Community and Environmental Health offers undergraduate, graduate, and certificate programs that lead to careers in health services research, public health, community health, health care administration, environmental health, industrial hygiene, and occupational safety and health. Additionally, the Bachelor of Science in Health Sciences (B.S.H.S.) and the Master of Public Health offer practicing professionals the opportunity to complete their degrees in a distance format.

Bachelor of Science in Environmental Health

www.hs.odu.edu/commhealth/academics/bs_enviro/

Gary Burgess, Interim Program Director

Environmental health is the study and management of factors that adversely affect the environment and the health and well-being of humans. The curriculum in environmental health, which is accredited by the National Environmental Health Science and Protection Accreditation Council, encompasses a variety of disciplines in the preparation of environmental health specialists, industrial hygienists, and occupational safety specialists.

Environmental health specialists are responsible for the assessment and enforcement of standards governing the safety of air, water, food, sewage, noise, radiation, hazardous waste, and other hazards. They are actively involved in the overall environmental quality within a community and prevention of diseases associated with environmental factors. Industrial hygienists conduct health hazard evaluations and recommend controls to minimize the health risk to workers in the occupational environment. Similarly, occupational safety professionals assess risk in the workplace, concentrating on the acute hazards that could result in immediate injury or death.  Both industrial hygienists and occupational safety professionals manage programs for private industry, government organizations, academic institutions, and military installations. 

The program requires three credit hours of internship field practice within an environmental or occupational health government or industrial site.  A variety of internship sites are available in the Hampton Roads area for these experiences. Internship sites elsewhere can also be arranged if desired. Internships are typically completed in the summer between the junior and senior year. Students are responsible for providing their own transportation to these sites.

Upon graduation, students are eligible to sit for the professional licensing examination in environmental health.  With work experience, students are eligible to take the certification examinations in industrial hygiene and/or occupational safety.

A broad spectrum of employment opportunities is available to graduates.  Alumni employment success has been outstanding, with graduates finding employment in agencies such as the FDA, USDA, EPA, OSHA, NASA, and DOD. Many work in private industries, military installations, insurance companies, consulting firms, waste and wastewater plants, civil service, and other organizations.

Admission

Students may be admitted to the program on the satisfactory completion of 60 semester hours of recommended study of required prerequisite courses and with the approval of the program director. Applications to the program, including all materials, must be submitted no later than February 1 for consideration for admission the following fall. Exemptions may be appealed through the program director. Students who fail to meet the established deadline for formal admission will usually be allowed to take environmental health courses if space is available; however, permission must be granted by the program director prior to registration.

Requirements

Lower-Division General Education
Written Communication
ENGL 110CEnglish Composition (grade of C or better required)3
ENGL 231CIntroduction to Technical Writing (grade of C or better required) *3
Oral Communication
COMM 101RPublic Speaking *3
Mathematics
MATH 162MPrecalculus I *3
Language and Culture0-6
Information Literacy and Research **3
Human Creativity 3
Interpreting the Past3
Literature3
Philosophy and Ethics ***0-3
The Nature of Science12
Select one of the following sequences:
Environmental Sciences
and Environmental Sciences Lab
and
Introduction to Human Biology
and Introduction to Human Biology Lab
or
General Biology I
and General Biology I Lab
and
General Biology II
and General Biology II Lab
Select one of the following:
Conceptual Physics *
Conceptual Physics *
Introductory General Physics *
Introductory General Physics *
University Physics I *
University Physics *
Human Behavior3
Impact of Technology (upper-division T course outside the College of Health Sciences)3
Departmental Requirements24
Elementary Statistics *
Basic Bacteriology *
Foundations of Chemistry I Lecture
and Foundations of Chemistry I Laboratory *
Fundamentals of Anatomy and Physiology I *
or
Human Anatomy and Physiology I *
Foundations of Chemistry II Lecture
and Foundations of Chemistry II Laboratory *
Organic Chemistry Lecture
and Organic Chemistry Laboratory *
Major Requirements31
Principles of Environmental Health Science
Environmental Health Administration and Law ****
Environmental Health Internship I
Principles of Occupational Safety and Health
Communicable Diseases
Water and Wastewater Technology
Industrial Hygiene
Principles of Toxicology
Epidemiology and Biostatistics
Environmental Risk Assessment and Decision Analysis
Environmental Health Senior Seminar
ENVH Electives *****12
Occupational Health
Occupational Safety Standards, Laws and Regulations
Food Safety
Vector-Borne Diseases and Their Control
Occupational Safety and Health Program Management
Physical Hazards and Their Control
Environmental Emergencies and Disasters
Principles of Ergonomics
Industrial Hygiene Sampling Methods
Air Pollution and Its Control
Physical Hazards Laboratory
Hazardous Waste Management
Industrial Environmental Management
*

Must be completed prior to acceptance into the Environmental Health program.

**

HLTH 120G preferred.

***

PHIL 345E preferred.

****

 Grade of C or better required in the writing intensive course

*****

 Consult with advisor for areas of specialization.

Elective Credit

Elective credit may be needed to meet the minimum requirement of 120 credit hours.

Upper Division General Education

  • Option A. Approved Disciplinary Minor, 12-24 hours minimum; also second degree or second major.
  • Option B. Interdisciplinary Minor (specifically 12 hours, 3 of which may be in the major)
  • Option C. International Business and Regional Courses or an approved Certification Program such as teaching licensure
  • Option D. Two Upper-Division Courses from outside the College of Health Sciences and not required by the major (6 hours)

Requirements for Graduation

Requirements for graduation include a minimum cumulative grade point average of 2.00 overall and in the major, minimum 120 credit hours, which must include both a minimum of 30 credit hours overall and 12 credit hours in upper-level courses in the major program from Old Dominion University, completion of ENGL 110C, ENGL 211C or ENGL 221C or ENGL 231C and the writing intensive (W) course in the major with a grade of C or better, and completion of Senior Assessment.

Minor in Environmental Health

Gary Burgess, Coordinator

A minor in environmental health requires a minimum of 12 semester hours of environmental health courses. Minor course requirements include ENVH 301 and three electives from the environmental health courses approved by the program director. For completion of the minor, students must have a minimum overall cumulative grade point average of 2.00 in all courses required for the minor exclusive of prerequisite courses and complete a minimum of six hours in upper-level courses in the minor requirement through courses offered by Old Dominion University. Twelve semester hours of science courses are preferred.

Interdisciplinary Minor-Environmental Issues and Management

Gary Burgess, Coordinator

Continuing environmental degradation is a worldwide problem threatening the quality of life and its viability. The problem can only be understood and addressed by drawing upon the resources of multidisciplinary approaches. The multidisciplinary perspective center of this minor focuses on the human dimensions of the human-environment equation and includes geographical and ecological approaches, scientific and technological methodologies, planning and public policy issues, and ethical, political, economic, and legal considerations.

Course options are as follows:

CEE 350Environmental Pollution and Control3
CEE 458Sustainable Development3
ECON 435Health Economics: A Global Perspective3
ECON 447WNatural Resource and Environmental Economics3
ENVH 301Principles of Environmental Health Science3
ENVH 402WEnvironmental Health Administration and Law3
ENVH 420Communicable Diseases3
ENVH 421Food Safety3
ENVH 422Water and Wastewater Technology3
GEOG 305World Resources3
GEOG 306THazards: Natural and Technological3
GEOG 400WSeminar in Geography3
GEOG 420Marine Geography3
GEOG 422WCoastal Geography3
OEAS 302Environmental Geology3
OEAS 310Global Earth Systems3
PAS 300Foundations of Public Service3
PHIL 344EEnvironmental Ethics3
PHIL 345EBioethics3
POLS 300Introduction to Public Policy3
POLS 335Environmental Politics3
POLS 401Global Environmental Policy3
PRTS 405Outdoor Recreation3
SOC 309Population and Society3
SOC 320Social Inequality3
SOC 325Social Welfare3
SOC 440Sociology of Health and Wellbeing3
SOC/CRJS 444Community Justice3

The interdisciplinary minor in environmental issues and management requires 12 credit hours of 300/400-level courses selected from at least two different disciplines with a maximum of six credits from any one discipline. For completion of the interdisciplinary minor, students must have a minimum overall cumulative grade point average of 2.00 in all courses required for the minor exclusive of lower-level courses and prerequisite courses. At least six hours of upper-level courses must be taken through courses offered by Old Dominion University. Three credit hours may be in the major, if a major course is listed as an option for the interdisciplinary minor. As such, it will be credited toward both the major and the interdisciplinary minor.

Linked Program-Bachelor of Science in Environmental Health (B.S.E.H.) to M.S. in Community Health

B.S.E.H. students who have a 3.00 GPA and have senior standing may apply for acceptance into the B.S.E.H. to Master of Science in community health linked program. This program allows gifted undergraduate B.S.E.H. students the opportunity to take up to 12 semester hours of graduate course work and apply them to both degrees. Other restrictions apply. Students in the linked program must earn a minimum of 150 credit hours (120 for the undergraduate degree and 30 for the graduate degree).  Consult with the B.S.E.H. program director for more information.

Minor in Occupational Safety

Gary Burgess, Coordinator

A minor in occupational safety is available in the environmental health program and requires a minimum of 12 semester hours of ENVH courses in safety. The minor in occupational safety is designed to prepare students to meet safety standards and guidelines in such areas as business, education and industry with the goal of managing operations to minimize financial losses resulting from accidents, health claims, legal actions and property damage. It is especially attractive to students in majors such as engineering, occupational and technical studies, and business who may reasonably anticipate assignment of safety as an additional duty.

Minor course requirements include:

ENVH 406Principles of Occupational Safety and Health3
ENVH 407Occupational Safety Standards, Laws and Regulations3
ENVH 425Occupational Safety and Health Program Management3
ENVH 426Physical Hazards and Their Control3
Total Hours12

For completion of the minor students must have a minimum overall cumulative grade point average of 2.00 in all courses required for the minor exclusive of prerequisite courses and complete a minimum of six hours in upper-level courses in the minor requirement through courses offered by Old Dominion University.

Certificate in Occupational Safety

Gary Burgess, Coordinator

The certificate program in occupational safety is designed to prepare students to meet safety standards and guidelines in such areas as business, education and industry with the goal of managing operations to minimize financial losses resulting from accidents, health claims, legal actions and property damage. It is especially attractive to students in majors such as engineering, occupational and technical studies, and business who may reasonably anticipate assignment of safety as an additional duty, or to individuals already employed in the environmental health and safety field. Courses taken in the certificate program may be applied to degree requirements at both the undergraduate and graduate levels in environmental health. For completion of the undergraduate certificate program students must have a minimum cumulative grade point average of 2.00 in all courses taken toward the certificate. After successful completion of the program, a Certificate in Occupational Safety will be awarded.

A total of 12 semester hours of ENVH safety courses are required that include:

ENVH 406Principles of Occupational Safety and Health3
ENVH 407Occupational Safety Standards, Laws and Regulations3
ENVH 425Occupational Safety and Health Program Management3
ENVH 426Physical Hazards and Their Control3

Bachelor of Science in Health Sciences (B.S.H.S.)

Webpage: http://www.odu.edu/commhealth/academics/undergraduate
Program Email: [bshshsa@odu.edu]
Program Director (Interim): 
Praveen Durgampudi

The Bachelor of Science in Health Sciences (B.S.H.S.) degree allows students to choose from the following majors: 

  1. Major in Public Health
  2. Major in Health Services Administration
  3. Major in Health Services Administration (for professionals with license or certification)

The Bachelor of Science in Health Sciences is designed to offer advanced educational experiences to students who are non-health or health professionals and/or who have completed a certification or Associate of Science degree in a health-related discipline, have credentials to practice in their field, and have experience as a health care provider. This program also builds on the expertise of practicing health professionals and allows them the opportunity to enhance their formal learning. The program focuses on upper-level course work and general education in conjunction with an area of career enhancement chosen by the individual student.

The Bachelor of Science in Health Sciences (BSHS) aims to provide students with current, relevant information and experiences that will enable them to function as entry-level health service administrators and public health practitioners. The program will prepare individuals to be able to function in positions of public health in local, state, national and international arenas. Additionally, the program will prepare persons seeking advanced study in preparation for the M.P.H., M.P.A., and M.S. degrees and the foundation for Ph.D. or M.D. educational and career paths.

Graduates of the Bachelor of Science in Health Sciences with a major in Health Services Administration will possess the knowledge and skills necessary to enhance the administration and the delivery of health services through health care management and policy education. These graduates will serve as leaders for health care organizations in the public, private, and military organizations. The curriculum for the health services administration major integrates a multidisciplinary approach that includes global and public health, health care finance, health services research, epidemiology, health care policy and health care management. Students will have the opportunity to gain practical health care management experience and drive the innovation in health care policy.

Graduates of the Bachelor of Science in Health Sciences with a major in Public Health will possess knowledge and skills necessary to prevent disease, prolong life and promote health through the organized efforts of society. Graduates will be able to serve as leaders in the various departments of health, health care organizations, non-profit organizations, health care providers, research organizations and communities with a primary aim of providing conditions in which people can lead healthy lives. The curriculum for the Public Health major incorporates a flexible, challenging, and contemporary curriculum that includes coursework in epidemiology and biostatistics, health care ethics, the natural sciences, public and health policy, health care economics, environmental health issues and social and behavioral health, among other areas. The program also provides students with courses in basic research methods necessary for assessment, analysis, communication, research, problem solving and critical thinking abilities in the emerging emphasis on evidence-based health care and public health. Students will have the opportunity to gain practical public health exposure and mentoring in clinical, research, or community settings. 

Graduates of the program will be ready to serve as invaluable leaders in health care services.

Admission to the Bachelor of Science in Health Sciences Program

  1. Applicants for admission to the baccalaureate program in Health Sciences should apply initially to the Office of Admissions of Old Dominion University. Students cannot be accepted into the Bachelor of Science in Health Sciences program without first being admitted to the University. Admission to the University does not constitute admission to the Bachelor of Science in Health Sciences program. Students are admitted to the School of Community and Environmental Health after completion of lower-level General Education courses and BSHS program prerequisite courses.
  2. Applicants for admission to the Bachelor of Science in Health Sciences program must complete all prerequisite courses with a grade of “C” or better prior to being admitted to the School of Community and Environmental Health. Transfer students may complete the prerequisite courses at another college or university but are responsible for having a transfer credit evaluation completed by the transfer evaluation unit in the Office of Admissions to determine that transfer courses are equivalent and acceptable to Old Dominion University requirements. Students must be accepted to the program before enrolling in any 300- or 400-level required course.
  3. Applicants must complete a Supplemental Application to be considered for admission to the BSHS program. The Bachelor of Science in Health Sciences Supplemental Application may be obtained directly from the School of Community and Environmental Health website, the College of Health Sciences Academic Advising Center or the Bachelor of Science in Health Sciences program website.

Students may be accepted into the program in Fall, Spring or Summer.  The deadlines for applications and submission of all materials are May 15 for Fall term entry, October 15 for Spring term entry, and February 15 for Summer term entry. Admission to the program is competitive; admission decisions are determined by the admissions panel of the BSHS program on the basis of academic qualifications and experience.

Application Checklist

  1. Apply and be admitted to the University as a degree-seeking undergraduate student.  Transfer students should have a transfer credit evaluation completed by the transfer evaluation unit in the Office of Admissions.
  2. Complete lower-division General Education requirements.
  3. Complete prerequisite requirements with a grade of C or better; see major requirements below for specific prerequisite requirements for Public Health, Health Services Administration and Health Services Administration (Professional).
  4. Maintain a minimum grade point average of 2.00.
  5. Submit a Bachelor of Science in Health Sciences program supplemental application directly to the BSHS program with photocopies of all previous college transcripts attached.

The admissions panel will consider and review all materials submitted as part of the admissions packet to the program. Applicants will be evaluated on the basis of their Statement of Purpose, work experience (if applicable), and strength of recommendations along with the Grade Point Average (GPA). Though GPA is not the sole criterion for admission, a minimum grade point average of 3.00 or higher makes the applicant most competitive.

Applicants will be formally notified of admission status in two weeks after the application deadline and will be advised by an assigned advisor. Students not admitted will receive notice and should pursue academic advising at the College of Health Sciences Academic Advising Center.

For additional information on the curriculum or admission requirements, please contact: Program Director (bshshsa@odu.edu) or College of Health Sciences Advising Center (hsadvising@odu.edu).

Continuance and Readmission Policy

In addition to the Old Dominion University continuance policies in this catalog, the following policies are specific to all declared majors in the BSHS Program:

  1. A grade of C (2.00) or better is required in all BSHS courses to continue in the program.
  2. A student who earns a grade of D or F will not be considered in good academic standing in the major.
  3. A cumulative grade point average of 2.00 or better is required to continue in the BSHS program.
  4. A BSHS student who fails a BSHS course and is readmitted to the BSHS program is allowed to repeat the failed course only once during the next course offering.
  5. A student who leaves the major and is readmitted may be required to take additional course work prior to or concurrent with readmission.
  6. A student may be readmitted to the BSHS major only once.

Internship

The internship (CHP 468) is designed and implemented to ensure that students achieve the following objectives:

  1. Practical experience in a health setting via exposure to an organization and/or community context that generates health activities.
  2. Acquisition of practical skills via related field assignments that challenge students to utilize knowledge of competencies learned from the academic curriculum and improved understanding of the political, economic, social and organizational context within which public health and health services administrative activities operate.

Internship is a planned, supervised and evaluated exercise that serves as a culminating experience for students pursuing the BSHS degree. Internships must be planned and approved during the penultimate semester of coursework at ODU. This is imperative as the foundational skills and concepts are achieved during the span of entire coursework at ODU. Internships should be sought and undertaken in an organization, agency, department or community that provides planning and/or services that are relevant to the core areas of health services administration or public health. Any student who plans to organize an internship without the appropriate foundation may be at a disadvantage in the organizations in which internships are undertaken. All students are strongly encouraged to complete an Internship within their major, i.e. Health Services Administration or Public Health. The internship experience and course address the relevance of developing skills and competencies as required for the future of public health practitioners and health services administrators.  

Requirements for the Major in Public Health

Prerequisite requirements are completion of all lower-division general education courses and completion of ENGL 110C, BIOL 121N, BIOL 122N, BIOL 123N, BIOL 124NMATH 162MSTAT 130M and CHP 200 with a grade of C or higher prior to submission of the BSHS progrqam application. Students must be admitted to the program by the Program Director prior to starting BSHS major courses. 

Lower-Division General Education
Written Communication (grade of C or better required in both courses; ENGL 110C must be completed prior to submission of the BSHS program application)6
Mathematics (MATH 162M and STAT 130M required; must be completed with a C or better prior to submission of the BSHS program application)6
Human Creativity 3
Interpreting the Past3
Literature3
Information Literacy and Research (HLTH 120G preferred) 3
The Nature of Science (BIOL 121N/BIOL 122N and BIOL 123N/BIOL 124N required; must be completed with a C or better prior to submission of the BSHS program application)8
Language and Culture0-6
Oral Communication (met in the major by CHP 400, CHP 450, and CHP 415W or CHP 430W)0
Human Behavior (met in the major by PSYC 201S or SOC 201S)0
Philosophy and Ethics (met in the major by CHP 400)0
Impact of Technology (met in the major by CHP 485)0
Total Hours32-38

Health Sciences Foundation Courses - 28 Credits

CHP 200Principles of Public Health (must be completed with a C or better prior to submission of the BSHS program application)3
BIOL 240Fundamentals of Anatomy and Physiology I4
or BIOL 250 Human Anatomy and Physiology I
BIOL 303Genetics3
CHEM 121N
CHEM 122N
Foundations of Chemistry I Lecture
and Foundations of Chemistry I Laboratory
4
CHEM 123N
CHEM 124N
Foundations of Chemistry II Lecture
and Foundations of Chemistry II Laboratory
4
CHEM 211Organic Chemistry Lecture3
PHYS 111NIntroductory General Physics4
or PHYS 112N Introductory General Physics
PSYC 201SIntroduction to Psychology *3
or SOC 201S Introduction to Sociology
Total Hours28
*

PSYC 201S or SOC 201S meets the Human Behavior Way of Knowing in lower-division General Education.

Major Course Requirements - 45 Credits

Core Courses15
Public Health Science
Population Health
The U.S. Healthcare Delivery System
Managerial Epidemiology
Principles of Environmental Health Science
Program Requirements30
Introduction to Global Health
Ethics in Health Administration *
Critical Issues in Public/Community Health Administration *
Community Health Resources and Health Promotion
Finance and Budgeting in Healthcare
Health Services Research
Research Methods in the Health Sciences
Public and Community Health Administration *
Healthcare Marketing
Health Ethics and the Law
Health Informatics **
Internship
*

CHP 400, CHP 450, and CHP 415W or CHP 430W meet the general education oral communication requirement; in addition CHP 400 meets the general education philosophy and ethics requirement.

**

CHP 485 meets the general education impact of technology requirement.

Upper Division General Education

  • Option A. Approved Minor, 12-24 hours; also second degree or second major.
  • Option B. Interdisciplinary Minor, 12 hours specified by the department, 3 of which may be in the major area of study.
  • Option C. International business and regional courses or an approved certification program, such as teaching licensure
  • Option D. Two Upper-Division Courses from outside the College of Health Sciences and not required by the major (6 hours)

Electives

Elective credits may be needed to achieve the minimum 120 hours required for the degree. Electives can be from any College. Some electives that can be considered are:  CHP 425, CHP 465, ENVH 401, ENVH 420, and HLSC 405.

Graduation Requirements

Requirements for graduation include a minimum cumulative grade point average of 2.00 overall and in the major, a minimum 120 credit hours, which must include both a minimum of 30 credit hours overall and 12 credit hours in upper-level courses in the major program from Old Dominion University, completion of ENGL 110CENGL 211C, or ENGL 221C, or ENGL 231C, and the writing intensive (W) course in the major with a grade of C or better, and completion of Senior Assessment.

Requirements for the Major in Health Services Administration

Lower-division general education courses and STAT 130M and CHP 200 are prerequisites and must be completed prior to submission of the BSHS program application. STAT 130M and CHP 200 must be completed with a grade of C or better.  Students must be admitted to the program by the Program Director prior to starting the B.S.H.S. major courses.

Lower-Division General Education
Written Communication (grade of C or better required in both courses)6
Mathematics (STAT 130M required; must be completed with a grade of C or better prior to submission of the BSHS program application) 3
Human Creativity 3
Interpreting the Past3
Literature3
The Nature of Science8
Information Literacy and Research (HLTH 120G preferred)3
Language and Culture0-6
Oral Communication (met in the major by CHP 400, CHP 450, and CHP 415W or CHP 430W)0
Human Behavior3
Philosophy and Ethics (met in the major by CHP 400)0
Impact of Technology (met in the major by CHP 485)0
Total Hours32-38

Major Course Requirements - 63 Credits

CHP 200Principles of Public Health (must be completed with a C or better prior to submission of the BSHS program application)3
Core Courses15
Public Health Science
Population Health
The U.S. Healthcare Delivery System
Managerial Epidemiology
Principles of Environmental Health Science
Program Requirements45
Ethics in Health Administration *
Critical Issues in Public/Community Health Administration *
Community Health Resources and Health Promotion
Health Aspects of Aging
Finance and Budgeting in Healthcare
Health Services Research
Public and Community Health Administration *
Policy and Politics of Health
Healthcare Marketing
Health Informatics **
Internship
Contemporary Organizations and Management
Select four MGMT 300/400-level electives from the following
Organizational Behavior
Human Resources Management
Employee Relations Problems and Practices
Labor Management Relations
Employment Law
Advanced Human Resources Management: Contemporary Issues
Negotiations and Change Management
Comparative International Management
*

CHP 400, CHP 450, and CHP 415W or CHP 430W meet the general education oral communication requirement; in addition, CHP 400 meets the general education philosophy and ethics requirement.

**

CHP 485 meets the general education impact of technology requirement.

Electives

Elective credits may be needed to achieve the minimum 120 hours required for the degree.  Electives can be from any College. Some electives that can be considered are:  ENVH 401, ENVH 420, and HLSC 405.

Upper-Division General Education

Completion of the MGMT courses required for the major results in a minor in management and meets upper-division general education.

Graduation Requirements

Requirements for graduation include a minimum cumulative grade point average of 2.00 overall and in the major, a minimum 120 credit hours, which must include both a minimum of 30 credit hours overall and 12 credit hours in upper-level courses in the major program from Old Dominion University, completion of ENGL 110C, ENGL 211C, or ENGL 221C, or ENGL 231C, and the writing intensive (W) course in the major with a grade of C or better, and completion of Senior Assessment.

Requirements for the Major in Health Services Administration (Professional)

Lower-division general education courses and STAT 130M with at least a grade of C or higher are prerequisites and must be completed prior to submission of the BSHS program application. CHP 200 is waived for students in this major. Students must be admitted to the program by the Program Director prior to starting the B.S.H.S. major courses.

Current licensure as a health professional, an Associate of Applied Science degree, and/or certification will be used toward satisfying the professional elective requirements. Certification refers to the passing of an exam upon completion of an educational program to demonstrate competency in a chosen profession. The following programs are some that have been accepted: Medical Corps, Radiation Technology, Nursing, Occupational Therapy Assistant, Dental Hygiene, Emergency Medical Technology, Respiratory Therapy, and Physical Therapy Assistant or military experience such as Hospital Corpsman.  Consult the Program Director for specific information on program eligibility.  CHP 200 is waived for students meeting these standards.  Up to 23 professional elective credits will be awarded upon program admission; the number of credits is determined by training hours completed.

Lower-Division General Education
Written Communication (grade of C or better required in both courses)6
Mathematics (STAT 130M required; must be completed with a C or better prior to submission of the BSHS program application) 3
Human Creativity 3
Interpreting the Past3
Literature3
The Nature of Science8
Information Literacy and Research (HLTH 120G preferred)3
Language and Culture0-6
Oral Communication (met in the major by CHP 400, CHP 450, and CHP 415W or CHP 430W)0
Human Behavior3
Philosophy and Ethics (met in the major by CHP 400)0
Impact of Technology (met in the major by CHP 485)0
Total Hours32-38

Major Requirements - 48 Credits

Core Courses15
Public Health Science
Population Health
The U.S. Healthcare Delivery System
Managerial Epidemiology
Principles of Environmental Health Science
Program Requirements33
Ethics in Health Administration *
Critical Issues in Public/Community Health Administration *
Community Health Resources and Health Promotion
Finance and Budgeting in Healthcare
Health Services Research
Health Informatics **
Internship
Contemporary Organizations and Management
Select four MGMT 300/400-level electives from the following
Organizational Behavior
Human Resources Management
Employee Relations Problems and Practices
Labor Management Relations
Employment Law
Advanced Human Resources Management: Contemporary Issues
Negotiations and Change Management
Comparative International Management

Upper-Division General Education

Completion of the MGMT courses required for the major results in a minor in management and meets upper-division general education.

Electives

Elective credit may be needed to achieve the minimum 120 hours required for the degree.

Graduation Requirements

Requirements for graduation include a minimum cumulative grade point average of 2.00 overall and in the major, a minimum 120 credit hours, which must include both a minimum of 30 credit hours overall and 12 credit hours in upper-level courses in the major program from Old Dominion University, completion of ENGL 110C, ENGL 211C, or ENGL 221C, or ENGL 231C, and the writing intensive (W) course in the major with a grade of C or better, and completion of Senior Assessment.

Minor in Community Health

An undergraduate minor in community health can be obtained by the completion of 12 credit hours from the following courses:

CHP 318Principles of Nutrition3
CHP 450Public and Community Health Administration3
CHP 465Policy and Politics of Health3
CHP 475Healthcare Marketing3
CHP 485Health Informatics3
One of the following may be substituted for one CHP course:
Research Methods in the Health Sciences
Principles of Environmental Health Science
Occupational Health

For completion of the minor, a student must have a minimum overall cumulative grade point average of 2.00 in all courses required for the minor exclusive of prerequisite courses and complete a minimum of six hours in upper-level courses in the minor requirement through courses offered by Old Dominion University.

Bachelor of Science in Health Sciences (B.S.H.S.) Specialty Concentrations

Through special agreements and curriculum design, courses for the certificate program in cytotechnology, offered by the School of Medical Diagnostic and Translational Sciences, may be applied as a specialty concentration in the Bachelor of Science in Health Sciences. The concentration can be found in the School of Medical Diagnostic and Translational Sciences section of this Catalog. Students pursuing cytotechnology who already have baccalaureate degrees from accredited institutions may opt for a certificate in this program rather than a second baccalaureate degree.

Cytotechnology Concentration in the B.S.H.S.

To be named, Program Director

This concentration is available to students who complete the requirements for the B.S.H.S. degree. Specific information on the cytotechnology program can be found in the School of Medical Diagnostic and Translational Sciences section of this Catalog.

COMMUNITY HEALTH PROFESSIONS Courses

CHP 200. Principles of Public Health. 3 Credits.

Overview of the principles and practices of public health in the world. What is public health? What are its origins, evolution, and how is it structured and administered globally? A discussion of the mission, concepts, principles and practices of population-based public health will predonimate. Topics will include global health and environmental health.

CHP 318. Principles of Nutrition. 3 Credits.

Course designed especially for those entering the health education or health care field, covering the physiology of each of the major body systems as a basis for understanding those aspects of its function that reflect the importance of various nutrients. Prerequisites: CHEM 105N-106N and CHEM 107N-108N or CHEM 121N-122N and 123N-124N; BIOL 250 or 251 or permission of the instructor.

CHP 328. Public Health Science. 3 Credits.

This course is designed to expand knowledge of the core functions of public health: biostatistics, environmental sciences, epidemiology, health policy and management sciences, and social and behavioral sciences. Prerequisites: CHP 200 and a declared major in the University or approval of the program director.

CHP 335. Population Health. 3 Credits.

This course provides a population-based approach to professional work in disease management, chronic care management and politics, in addition to students studying public health, health policy, quality and patient safety, health care administration, medicine, nursing, pharmacy, social work and other related clinical professions. Prerequisites: CHP 200 and a declared major in the University or approval of the program director.

CHP 360. Introduction to Global Health. 3 Credits.

This course introduces students to health-care delivery systems of nonWestern countries, specifically developing countries. The various factors that influence health-care planning and delivery of health services are addressed. Prerequisite: CHP 200.

CHP 369. Practicum in Health Sciences. 1-3 Credits.

This course is intended for the student in the College of Health Sciences seeking a CAP experience. (qualifies as a CAP experience) Prerequisites: junior standing and approval of the Health Sciences Advisor and the Career Development Services.

CHP 390. The U.S. Healthcare Delivery System. 3 Credits.

The uniqueness of the U.S. healthcare delivery system will be explored in terms of a systems framework and its complexity. The basic characteristics that differentiate the U.S. healthcare delivery system from that of other countries will be presented. An understanding of the U.S. health care system has specific implications for health services managers. Prerequisites: CHP 200 and a declared major in the University or approval of the program director.

CHP 395. Topics in Health. 1-3 Credits.

Study of selected topics. Prerequisite: permission of the instructor.

CHP 400/500. Ethics in Health Administration. 3 Credits.

A survey of philosophical problems common to health sciences, including an analysis of the nature of health in its historical and contemporary contexts. Prerequisite: permission of the instructor.

CHP 415W/515. Critical Issues in Public/Community Health Administration. 3 Credits.

Identification and analyses of critical issues currently facing public/community health and the American health care system. This is a writing intensive course. Prerequisites: ENGL 110C and ENGL 211C or ENGL 221C or ENGL 231C with a grade of C or better and a declared major in the University or approval of the program director.

CHP 420/520. Foundations of Gerontology. 3 Credits.

Focuses on changes in the characteristics, status, and roles of the elderly; personality development, mental health, and adjustment of individuals with emphasis on biophysical and psychosocial processes as they influence capacity and performance in the elderly. Prerequisite: permission of instructor.

CHP 425/525. Health Aspects of Aging. 3 Credits.

Identifies major issues and problems in meeting health care needs of the aged. Emphasis on role of social assets and supports in determining effects of life changes on the aging process. Prerequisite: CHP 420/CHP 520 or permission of the instructor.

CHP 430W/530. Community Health Resources and Health Promotion. 3 Credits.

Designed to provide information about community health resources. This is a writing intensive course. Prerequisites: ENGL 110C and ENGL 211C or ENGL 221C or ENGL 231C with a grade of C or better and a declared major in the University or approval of the program director.

CHP 440/540. Finance and Budgeting in Healthcare. 3 Credits.

This course covers financial management functions in healthcare organizations including operating and capital budgeting processes along with budgeting and financial controls. Prerequisites: junior standing and a declared major in the University or approval of the program director.

CHP 445/545. Health Services Research. 3 Credits.

This course focuses on health services research and its assessment abilities and application in health care. Topics include the use of EXCEL, SAS, and SPSS to analyze data. An exploration of the issues and challenges of health services research for health related organizations and other organizations. Statistical procedures and practices will also be conducted. Prerequisite: STAT 130M.

CHP 450/550. Public and Community Health Administration. 3 Credits.

A review of the principles and practice of administering public and community health organizations and programs at federal, state, and local levels. Constitutional, statutory and administrative bases for organizing and conducting public/community health programs will be discussed. CHP 400, CHP 415W or CHP 430W, and CHP 450 meet the oral communication requirement in the major. All three courses must be taken to meet the requirement. Prerequisite: permission of instructor.

CHP 456/556. Substance Use and Abuse. 3 Credits.

Focuses on facts about drugs and drug abuse, on value judgments concerning drugs, and on interaction of facts and value judgments. Emphasis is on drug abuse prevention. Prerequisite: permission of instructor.

CHP 461/561. Managerial Epidemiology. 3 Credits.

This course will blend theory and application of epidemiology. This course will also provide a comprehensive introduction to epidemiology and explain how to use epidemiological concepts and tools to improve decisions about the management of health services. Prerequisites: CHP 200 and a declared major in the University or approval of the program director.

CHP 465/565. Policy and Politics of Health. 3 Credits.

This course will explore both health policy and the politics of health. Students will develop an understanding of the systematic and analytical framework for developing health and health care policy issues. Prerequisite: junior standing.

CHP 468. Internship. 1-3 Credits.

The internship will allow a person new to the health administration field to complete a capstone internship to gain entry skills for a beginning career pathway in health services administration. The course is intended to provide cumulative experience and assimilation of all the theoretical aspects learned in the coursework in a practical/work setting. Internship is the last course in the program coursework. A minimum of 200 hours is required. Prerequisites: CHP 415W or CHP 430W, CHP 440, CHP 445, CHP 450, CHP 461, and CHP 480.

CHP 470/570. Death, Dying and Survivorship. 3 Credits.

Utilizes readings from sociology, psychology, literature, art, law, religion, and the medical and nursing sciences to explore death in its personal, cultural and professional significance. Audiovisual presentations and guest speakers will provoke thought and discussion to allow students to come to terms with their attitudes toward death and assist others in dealing with this important life experience. Prerequisite: permission of instructor.

CHP 475/575. Healthcare Marketing. 3 Credits.

This course provides a basic understanding of marketing in a health care setting. It will cover the following: the history of marketing in a health care setting, health care markets, marketing techniques, and leadership skills in managing and supporting the marketing efforts. Prerequisites: a declared major in the University or approval of the program director.

CHP 480/580. Health Ethics and the Law. 3 Credits.

This course provides the students with a basic knowledge of health law and examines legal issues confronting health services administrators in various health care environments. Prerequisites: a declared major in the University or approval of the program director.

CHP 485/585. Health Informatics. 3 Credits.

This course focuses on healthcare informatics (information systems) and applications in health care organizations. It provides an overview of health information system concepts, management, and integration of technology in healthcare organizations. Prerequisites: junior standing and a declared major in the University or approval of the program director.

CHP 495/595. Topics in Public/Community Health Administration. 1-3 Credits.

This course provides the opportunity for the study of selected topics in public/community health, including informatics, under the supervision of a faculty member. Prerequisite: permission of the instructor.

CHP 496/596. Topics in Public/Community Health Administration. 1-3 Credits.

This course provides the opportunity for the study of selected topics in public/community health, including informatics, under the supervision of a faculty member. Prerequisite: permission of the instructor.

CHP 497/597. Readings in Public/Community Health Administration. 1-3 Credits.

This course provides the opportunity for advanced investigations of selected issues/concerns in public/community health administration, under the supervision of a faculty member. It must be taken by students who wish to pursue topics not covered by regularly scheduled courses. Prerequisite: permission of the instructor.

ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH Courses

ENVH 301. Principles of Environmental Health Science. 3 Credits.

An introduction to the chemical, physical and biological factors affecting human health and well-being. The emphasis is on application of controls to prevent disease and maximize environmental quality. Prerequisite: A grade of C or better in ENGL 110C.

ENVH 395. Topics in Environmental Health. 1-3 Credits.

Advanced study of selected topics. Prerequisites: permission of the instructor.

ENVH 401/501. Occupational Health. 3 Credits.

An introduction to the industrial environment relative to health problems and the etiologically related agents. Prerequisites: junior standing.

ENVH 402W/502. Environmental Health Administration and Law. 3 Credits.

A review of the concepts and practice of administering environmental health control programs within agencies at the federal, state and local levels. The principles of administration and leadership of programs in the private sector are also discussed. The constitutional, statutory and administrative law bases for organizing and conducting such programs and developing environmental policy as well as the legal implications of enforcement will be addressed. A review of all major environmental statutes and their agencies that enforce them will be addressed. (This is a writing intensive course.) Prerequisites: junior standing and a grade of C or better in ENGL 110C and ENGL 211C or ENGL 221C or ENGL 231C.

ENVH 403. Environmental Health Internship I. 3 Credits.

Includes placement in a health-related facility or industrial setting, prearranged with faculty instructor. (qualifies as a CAP experience) Prerequisites: ENVH 301 and permission of program director.

ENVH 404. Environmental Health Internship II. 3 Credits.

Includes placement in a health-related facility or industrial setting, prearranged with faculty instructor. (qualifies as a CAP experience) Prerequisites: ENVH 301 and permission of program director.

ENVH 405. Environmental Health Internship III. 6 Credits.

Includes placement in a health-related facility or industrial setting, prearranged with faculty instructor. (qualifies as a CAP experience) Prerequisites: ENVH 301 and permission of program director.

ENVH 406/506. Principles of Occupational Safety and Health. 3 Credits.

A broad overview of the field of safety. A study of the factors influencing the occurrence of accidents and incidents is set in the context of safety legislation, current issues in the practice of safety and the ethical and professional responsibilities of the safety practitioner. The course also includes discussions of product safety, fire prevention and protection systems safety and human elements in loss prevention. Prerequisites: junior standing.

ENVH 407/507. Occupational Safety Standards, Laws and Regulations. 3 Credits.

A review of the important Occupational Safety and Health Standards and Codes with particular emphasis on application of these codes to typical work situations. Governmental enforcement methodologies are also discussed. Prerequisites: junior standing.

ENVH 420/520. Communicable Diseases. 3 Credits.

An in-depth study of the communicable disease processes as they pertain to environmental sources. A detailed discussion of specific communicable diseases that are manifested by various environmental etiologic agents. Various environmental control measures to prevent the incidence of communicable diseases are presented. Prerequisites: BIOL 110N or BIOL 121N, BIOL 117N or BIOL 123N, BIOL 103 or permission of the instructor.

ENVH 421/521. Food Safety. 3 Credits.

A comprehensive study of food and milk production, processing and preservation and controls exercised for the prevention of foodborne illnesses and spoilage. Prerequisites: BIOL 110N or BIOL 121N, BIOL 117N or BIOL 123N, BIOL 103, or permission of instructor.

ENVH 422/522. Water and Wastewater Technology. 3 Credits.

Introduction to water quality management and wastewater treatment technology. Topics include the effect of organic, inorganic and thermal pollutants in water quality streams, waterborne diseases, monitoring concepts, methods of water quality management, regulatory considerations, theory and application of wastewater treatment concepts, wastewater characterization, and treatment methods and disposal methods. Prerequisite: BIOL 103 or permission of instructor.

ENVH 423/523. Vector-Borne Diseases and Their Control. 3 Credits.

Vector-borne diseases affect the health and well-being of humans and other animals in a wide variety of ways. Arthropod vectors (e.g., mosquitoes, filth flies, ticks and related groups) transmit numerous debilitating infectious diseases that oftentimes impose significant burden on healthcare systems. This course provides insight on the ways in which arthropods impact global health and economic growth through the diseases they transmit. Prerequisite: BIOL 110N or BIOL 121N, BIOL 117N or BIOL 123N, BIOL 103, or permission of instructor.

ENVH 424/524. Residential and Institutional Environments. 3 Credits.

A study of the physical aspects of housing and institutions as they relate to human health and well-being. Coverage is also given to infection control in health-care facilities. Prerequisites: junior standing.

ENVH 425/525. Occupational Safety and Health Program Management. 3 Credits.

The establishment, implementation and maintenance of occupational safety and health programs. Paradigms of safety, techniques for safety training and creation of value for safety among business managers and employees are emphasized. Prerequisite: ENVH 406 or permission of instructor.

ENVH 426/526. Physical Hazards and Their Control. 3 Credits.

An in-depth examination of the varied types of physical hazards in the work environment and the methods of prevention, recognition and control. Prerequisites: junior standing.

ENVH 438/538. Environmental Emergencies and Disasters. 3 Credits.

This course uses a multi-disciplinary approach and draws on theory, case studies, research, and field experience to examine the global problem of environmental emergencies and disasters. Particular attention is devoted to the public health challenges posed by chemical and radiological contamination situations. Students discuss contemporary issues and controversies, and spend time working in teams to craft solutions to key emergency preparedness problems. Prerequisite: Junior standing.

ENVH 440/540. Principles of Ergonomics. 3 Credits.

An introduction to the terminology, concepts and applications of physiology, anthropometry, biomechanics and engineering to workplace and work methods design. Emphasis will be given to workplace design and work methods for job safety and health. Prerequisites: junior standing.

ENVH 441/541. Industrial Hygiene. 3 Credits.

An in-depth study of the chemical and physical agents responsible for occupational illness and the methods used for their measurement, evaluation and control. Prerequisite: CHEM 121N, CHEM 123N, CHEM 211, BIOL 240 or BIOL 250, or permission of instructor.

ENVH 442/542. Industrial Hygiene Sampling Methods. 3 Credits.

An introduction to the detection and sampling alternatives used for estimating worker exposure to hazardous chemical, physical and biological agents in the occupational environment. Field and class activities are intended to simulate select occupational exposure situations and provide a basis for selection of the best evaluation techniques. Emphasis is on quantitative and qualitative methods typically used when estimating employee exposure to hazardous agents and the subjective decision making process. Pre- or corequisite: ENVH 441 or permission of instructor.

ENVH 443. Principles of Toxicology. 3 Credits.

An introduction to the fundamentals of toxicology with emphasis on the interaction of environmental and industrial chemicals with humans are studied. Exposure, dose response, kinetics and distribution of toxicants, metabolism of toxic agents, factors that affect toxicity and introductory chemical carcinogenesis are discussed. Prerequisites: BIOL 110N or BIOL 121N, BIOL 117N or BIOL 123N, BIOL 240 or BIOL 250, CHEM 121N, CHEM 123N, or permission of the instructor.

ENVH 445/545. Air Pollution and Its Control. 3 Credits.

The study of air pollution in relation to air quality criteria, pollutant production, atmospheric evolution, measurement and control techniques. Prerequisites: PHYS 101N or PHYS 111N, CHEM 121N, CHEM 123N, MATH 162M, or permission of instructor.

ENVH 446/546. Physical Hazards Laboratory. 2 Credits.

Use and application of sampling methods and equipment for measurement of physical hazards in the work environment. Includes aspects such as ergonomics, noise, vibration and radiation. Pre- or corequisite: ENVH 426 or permission of instructor.

ENVH 448/548. Epidemiology and Biostatistics. 3 Credits.

An introductory course in the principles and practices of epidemiology and the application of statistical and mathematical design and analysis of health research studies for the understanding and control of population health and disease with emphasis on environmental applications. Prerequisite: STAT 130M, MATH 162M or permission of instructor.

ENVH 461/561. Hazardous Waste Management. 3 Credits.

Description of the hazardous waste problem, the fundamentals of the chemistry involved with hazardous waste transport, methods of identification, assessment, control, and disposal of toxic and hazardous waste are discussed. In addition the relevant legal statutes, risk assessment emergency response and case studies are presented. Introduction to the toxicological effects of exposure to hazardous waste is discussed. Prerequisites: junior standing.

ENVH 465/565. Hazardous Materials Management. 3 Credits.

The management of hazardous materials includes a wide array of interlocking regulations addressing use, manufacturing, exposure, storage, shipping and disposal. A life cycle review of hazardous materials highlighting best practices and legislation is presented. Useful in preparation for CHMM examination. Prerequisites: junior standing.

ENVH 466/566. Environmental Risk Assessment and Decision Analysis. 3 Credits.

The principles of quantitative health risk assessment of toxicants are presented. Qualitative and quantitative skills necessary to evaluate the probability of injury, disease, or death in the general population from exposure to environmental contaminants are discussed. Hazardous identification, exposure assessment, dose-response evaluation and risk characterization are emphasized. Risk management group projects assessing some real environmental risks is an important segment of the class. Prerequisites: junior standing.

ENVH 470/570. Industrial Environmental Management. 3 Credits.

Course addresses day-to-day technical and management aspects of environmental compliance, as well as regulatory issues faced in industrial applications. Includes audits and inspections, air and water pollution and hazardous waste. Prerequisites: junior standing.

ENVH 495/595. Topics in Environmental Health. 1-3 Credits.

Advanced study of selected topics. Prerequisites: junior standing.

ENVH 498/598. Independent Study in Environmental Health. 1-3 Credits.

An opportunity is afforded students to undertake independent study under the direction of a faculty member. Prerequisites: permission of the Program Director.

ENVH 499. Environmental Health Senior Seminar. 1 Credit.

Advanced seminar. Prerequisites: second semester senior standing and permission of the program director.